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CBSE Class 10 Exam Trends and Analysis 2018-19

CBSE Class 10 Exam Trends and Analysis 2018-19
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Its that time of the year again when Class 10 Board Exams are less than fortnight away. Future studies and to some extent even career orientation for lakhs of students depends on their performance in Class Xth Board Exams.The Central Board of Secondary Education, a world class body will leave no stone unturned to conduct these exams, as smoothly as possible. However, the burning question of the hour is will it be tougher this year or easier, compared to previous years?

Tough, as it may be to predict or forecast such a thing, one can get helpful clues, looking at the cbse exam trends observed last year.


Science Exam - CBSE X - 2018

Units Marks
I Chemical Substances - Nature & Behaviour 25
II World of Living 23
III Natural Phenomenon 12
IV Effects of Current 13
V Natural Resources 07
  Total 80

Unit I: Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour

Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction.

Acids, bases and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH- ions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale(Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of sodium hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Metals and non metals: Properties of metals and non-metals, reactivity series, formation and properties of ionic compounds, basic metallurgical processes, corrosion and its prevention.

Carbon compounds: Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.

Periodic classification of elements: Need for classification, Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.

Unit II: World of Living

Life processes: "living being". Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.

Control and co-ordination in animals and plants: Tropic movements in plants; Introduction to plant hormones; control and co-ordination in animals : nervous system; voluntary, involuntary and reflex action, chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.

Reproduction: Reproduction in animal and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need for and methods of family planning. safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women's health.

Heredity and evolution: Heredity; Mendel's contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution.

Unit III: Natural Phenomenon

Reflection of light at curved surfaces, Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.

Refraction; laws of refraction, refractive index.

Refraction of light by spherical lens, Image formed by spherical lenses, Lens formula (Derivation not required), Magnification. Power of a lens.

Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.

Unit IV: Effects of Current

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm's law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Inter relation between P, V, I and R.

Magnetic effects of current: Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming's left hand rule. Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming's Right Hand Rule, Direct current. Alternating current : frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.

Unit V: Natural Resources

Sources of energy: Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources.

Our environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.

Management of natural resources: Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wild life; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources.

Practicals

1. Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper / universal indicator:

  • a) Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
  • b) Dilute NaOH solution
  • c) Dilute Ethanoic Acid Solution
  • d) Lemon juice
  • e) Water
  • f) Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution

Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) by their reaction with:

  • a) Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
  • b) Zinc metal
  • c) Solid sodium carbonate

2. Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into:

  • a) Combination reaction
  • b) Decomposition reaction
  • c) Displacement reaction
  • d) Double displacement reaction
    • (i) Action of water on quick lime
    • (ii) Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals
    • (iii) Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution
    • (iv) Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions

OR

3. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:

  • a) ZnSO4 (aq)
  • b) FeSO4 (aq)
  • c) CuSO4 (aq)
  • d) Al2(SO4)3 (aq)

Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.

4. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I.

5. Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.

6. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.

7. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.

8. Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid):

  • i) odour
  • ii) solubility in water
  • iii) effect on litmus
  • iv) reaction with sodium Hydrogen Carbonate

9. Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.

10. Determination of the focal length of:

  • i) Concave mirror
  • ii) Convex lens

by obtaining the image of a distant object.

11. Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and interpret the result.

12. Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast with the help of prepared slides.

13. Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.

14. Finding the image distance for varying object distances in case of a convex lens and drawing corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of image formed.

15. Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean).

General Observations

Difficulty level of the question paper: Easy

Easy questions 15
Medium questions 10
Difficult questions 2

All the questions in the paper were from the syllabus

No questions repeated from the last year’s paper

Practical based questions in Section- B were easy

Average marks expected by students: 75 Marks

Comparison with the year 2017 question paper pattern

  • No Multiple Choice Questions
  • Section- B consisted of all practical based questions
  • Number of questions reduced to 27 (previously it was 36)
  • Total marks 80 ( previously it was 90)

Social Science Exam - CBSE X - 2018

Units   Marks
I India and the Contemporary World - II 20
II Contemporary India - II 20
III Democratic Politics - II  20 
IV Understanding Economic Development 20 
  Total  80

Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World - II

In Sub-unit 1.1 students are required to choose any two themes. In that sub-unit, theme 3 is compulsory and for second theme students are required to choose any one from the first two themes.

In Sub-units 1.2 and 1.3 students are required to choose any one theme from each. Thus all students are required to study four themes in all.

Sub-unit 1.1 : Events and processes: Any two of the following themes:

1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe:

(a) The growth of nationalism in Europe after the 1830s.

(b) The ideas of Giuseppe Mazzini, etc.

(c) General characteristics of the movements in Poland, Hungary, Italy, Germany and Greece. (Chapter 1)

2. The Nationalist Movement in Indo - China: Factors Leading to Growth of Nationalism in Indo-China

  • (a) French colonialism in Indo-China.
  • (b) Phases of struggle against the French.
  • (c) The ideas of Phan Chu Trinh, Phan Boi Chau, HO Chi Minh
  • (d) The Second World War and the liberation struggle.
  • (e) America and the Vietnam war. (Chapter 2)

3. Nationalism in India:

  • (a) Impact of First world war, Khilafat, NonCooperation and Differing Strands within the Movement.
  • (b) Salt Satyagraha.
  • (c) Movements of peasants, workers, tribals.
  • (d) Limits of Civil Disobedience.
  • (e) The Sense of Collective Belonging. (Chapter 3)

Sub-unit 1.2: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies:

Any one of the following themes:

4. The making of a Global World:

  • (a) The Pre-modern world
  • (b) The Nineteenth Century global economy (colonialism)
  • (c) The Inter war Economy (Great Depression)
  • (d) Rebuilding the World Economy

5. The Age of Industrialization:

  • (a) Proto-industrialization and pace of industrial change
  • (b) Life of workers
  • (c) Industrialization in the colonies
  • (d) Early Entrepreneurs & workers
  • (e) The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth
  • (f) Market for Goods

6. Work, Life & Leisure:

  • (a) Development of modern cities due to Industrialization in London & Bombay
  • (b) Housing and Land Reclamation
  • (c) Social Changes in the cities
  • (d) Cities and the challenge of the Environment

Sub-unit 1.3: Everyday Life, Culture and Politics

Any one of the following themes:

7. Print Culture and the Modern World:

  • (a) The history of print in Europe.
  • (b) The growth of press in nineteenth century India.
  • (c) Relationship between print culture, public debate and politics. (Chapter 7)

8. Novels, Society and History:

  • (a) Emergence of the novel as a genre in the west.
  • (b) The relationship between the novel and changes in modern society.
  • (c) Early novels in nineteenth century India.
  • (d) A study of two or three major writers. (Chapter 8)

Unit 2: Contemporary India - II

1. Resources and Development:

Types - natural and human; Need for resource planning, natural resources, land as a resource, soil types and distribution; changing land-use pattern; land degradation and conservation measures. (Chapter 1)

3. Water Resources:

Sources, distribution, utilisation, multi-purpose projects, water scarcity, need for conservation and management, rainwater harvesting. (One case study to be introduced) (Chapter 3)

4. Agriculture:

Types of farming, major crops, cropping pattern, technological and institutional reforms; their impact; contribution of Agriculture to national economy-employment and output. (Chapter 4)

5. Minerals and Energy Resources:

Types of minerals, distribution (Note: on map only) use and economic importance of minerals, conservation, types of power resources: conventional and non-conventional, distribution and utilization, and conservation. (Chapter 5)

6. Manufacturing Industries:

Types, spatial distribution (Note: on map only) contribution of industries to the national economy, industrial pollution and degradation of environment, measures to control degradation.

7. Life Lines of National Economy:

Importance of means of Communication and transportation, Trade & Tourism (Chapter 7)

Unit 3: Democratic Politics - II

1&2. Power Sharing & Federalism:

Why and how is power shared in democracies? How has federal division of power in India helped national unity? To what extent has decentralisation achieved this objective? How does democracy accommodate different social groups? (Chapter 1&2)

3&4. Democracy and Diversity & Gender, Religion and Caste:

Are divisions inherent to the working of democracy? What has been the effect of caste on politics and of politics on caste? How has the gender division shaped politics? How do communal divisions affect democracy? (Chapter 3&4)

5. Popular Struggles and Movements

Note: Ch-5 is to be done as project work only and will not be evaluated in theory

6. Political Parties:

What role do political parties play in competition and contestation? Which are the major national and regional parties in India? (Chapter 6)

7. Outcomes of Democracy:

Can or should democracy be judged by its outcomes? What outcomes can one reasonably expect of democracies? Does democracy in India meet these expectations? Has democracy led to development, security and dignity for the people? What sustains democracy in India? (Chapter 7)

8. Challenges to Democracy:

Is the idea of democracy shrinking? What are the major challenges to democracy in India? How can democracy be reformed and deepened? What role can an ordinary citizen play in deepening democracy? (Chapter 8)

Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development

1. Development:

The traditional notion of development; National Income and Per capita Income. Growth of National Income - critical appraisal of existing development indicators (PCI, IMR, SR and other income and health indicators) The need for health and educational development; Human Development Indicators (in simple and brief as a holistic measure of development.

2. Sectors of the Indian Economy:

Sectors of Economic Activities; Historical change in sectors; Rising importance of tertiary sector; Employment Generation; Division of Sectors- Organised and Unorganised; Protective measures for unorganised sector workers. (Chapter 2)

3. Money and Credit:

Role of money in an economy: Formal and Informal financial institutions for Savings and Credit - General Introduction; Select one formal institution such as a nationalized commercial bank and a few informal institutions; Local money lenders, landlords, chit funds and private finance companies. (Chapter 3)

(Note: Ch-3 will also be evaluated in theory)

4. Globalisation and the Indian Economy:

Production across countries, Foreign trade and Interaction of Markets, what is Globalization? Factors, WTO, Impact, Fair Globalization (Chapter 4)

5. Consumer Rights:

How consumer is exploited (one or two simple case studies) factors causing exploitation of consumers; Rise of consumer awareness; how a consumer should be in a market; role of government in consumer protection. (Chapter 5)

List of Map Items

A. History - Outline Political Map of India

Lesson-3 Nationalism in India – (1918 – 1930). For locating and labelling / Identification.

1. Indian National Congress Sessions: Calcutta (Sep. 1920), Nagpur (Dec. 1920), Madras (1927), Lahore (1929)

2. Important Centres of Indian National Movement (Non-cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement)

(i) Champaran (Bihar) - Movement of Indigo Planters
(ii) Kheda (Gujrat) - Peasant Satyagrah
(iii) Ahmedabad (Gujarat) - Cotton Mill Workers Satyagraha
(iv) Amritsar (Punjab) - Jallianwala Bagh Incident
(v) Chauri Chaura (U.P.) - calling off the Non Cooperation Movement
(vi) Dandi (Gujarat) - Civil Disobedience Movement

B. Geography - Outline Political Map of India

Chapter 1: Resources and Development

Identification only: Major soil Types.

Chapter 3: Water Resources

Locating and Labelling –

Dams:

  • (1) Salal
  • (2) Bhakra Nangal
  • (3) Tehri
  • (4) Rana Pratap Sagar
  • (5) Sardar Sarovar
  • (6) Hirakud
  • (7) Nagarjuna Sagar
  • (8) Tungabhadra. (Along with rivers)

Chapter 4: Agriculture

Identification only
(a) Major areas of Rice and Wheat.
(b) Largest / Major producer states of Sugarcane; Tea; Coffee; Rubber; Cotton and Jute.

Chapter: 5 Mineral and Energy Resources.

Minerals: (Identification only)

  • (I) Iron ore mines: Mayurbhanj, Durg, Bailadila, Bellary, Kudremukh
  • (II) Mica mines: Ajmer, Beawar, Nellore, Gaya, Hazaribagh
  • (III) Coal mines: Raniganj, Jharia, Bokaro, Talcher, Korba, Singrauli, Singareni, Neyvali
  • (IV) Oil Fields: Digboi, Naharkatia, Mumbai High, Bassien, Kalol, Ankaleshwar
  • (V) Bauxite Deposits: The Amarkantak plateau, Maikal hills, The plateau region of Bilaspur- Katni, Orissa Panchpatmali deposits in Koraput district
  • (VI) Mica deposits: The Chota Nagpur plateau. Koderma Gaya – Hazaribagh belt of Jharkhand, Ajmer, Nellore mica belt

Power Plants: (Locating and Labelling only)

  • (a) Thermal: Namrup, Talcher, Singrauli, Harduaganj, Korba, Uran, Ramagundam, Vijaywada, Tuticorin
  • (b) Nuclear: Narora, Rawat Bhata, Kakrapara, Tarapur, Kaiga, Kalpakkam

Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries Locating and Labelling Only

(1) Cotton Textile Industries

  • Mumbai
  • Indore
  • Ahmedabad
  • Surat
  • Kanpur
  • Coimbatore
  • Madurai

(2) Iron and Steel Plants

  • Burnpur
  • Durgapur
  • Bokaro
  • Jamshedpur
  • Raurkela
  • Bhilai
  • Vijaynagar
  • Bhadravati
  • Vishakhapatnam
  • Salem

(3) Software Technology Parks

  • Mohali
  • Noida
  • Jaipur
  • Gandhinagar
  • Indore
  • Mumbai
  • Pune
  • Kolkata
  • Bhubaneshwar
  • Vishakhapatnam
  • Hyderabad
  • Bangalore
  • Mysore
  • Chennai
  • Thiruvanantapuram

Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy.

Identification Only: Golden Quadrilateral, North-South Corridor, East-West Corridor.

National Highways

  • NH-1
  • NH-2
  • NH-7

Locating and Labelling:

Major Ports:

  • Kandla
  • Mumbai
  • Jawahar Lal Nehru
  • Marmagao
  • New Mangalore
  • Kochi
  • Tuticorin
  • Chennai
  • Vishakhapatnam
  • Paradip
  • Haldia
  • Kolkata

International Airports

  • Amritsar (Raja Sansi)
  • Delhi (Indira Gandhi International)
  • Mumbai (Chhatrapati Shivaji)
  • Thiruvanantapuram (Nedimbacherry)
  • Chennai (Meenam Bakkam)
  • Kolkata (Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose)
  • Hyderabad (Rajiv Gandhi)

General Observations

  • Overall most of the students attempt more than 90 percent paper
  • According to our analysis, 70 plus out of 80 is easily scorable
  • Overall, the level of the paper was easy, History map was little difficult for students.
  • Student’s felt more questions were from Geography and History this time
  • Paper was easy but had to analyze questions which made the paper lengthy
  • 2-3 Questions came from previous years

Comparison with the year 2017 question paper pattern

  • Last year comparison: It was easy just like last year
  • Marks’ weightage wasn’t similar as compared to that of last year
  • Map work – History – Indian National Congress Session and Satyagraha
  • Map Work – Geography – Lifeline of economy and Manufacturing industries

Mathematics Exam - CBSE X - 2018

Units Marks
I Number Systems 06
II Algebra 20
III Coordinate Geometry 06
IV Geometry 15
V Trigonometry 12
VI Mensuration 10
VII Statistics & Probability 11
  Total 80

UNIT I: NUMBER SYSTEMS

1. REAL NUMBERS

Euclid's division lemma, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic - statements after reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of results - irrationality of ?2, ?3, ?5, decimal expansions of rational numbers in terms of terminating/non-terminating recurring decimals.

UNIT II: ALGEBRA

1. POLYNOMIALS

Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials. Statement and simple problems on division algorithm for polynomials with real coefficients.

2. PAIR OF LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES

Pair of linear equations in two variables and their graphical solution. Geometric representation of different possibilities of solutions/inconsistency. 

Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically - by substitution, by elimination and by cross multiplication method. Simple situational problems must be included. Simple problems on equations reducible to linear equations.

3. QUADRATIC EQUATIONS

Standard form of a quadratic equation ax2+bx+c=0, (a ? 0). Solution of the quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, by completing the square and by using quadratic formula. Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots. 

Situational problems based on quadratic equations related to day to day activities to be incorporated.

4. ARITHMETIC PROGRESSIONS

Motivation for studying Arithmetic Progression Derivation of the nth term and sum of the first n terms of A.P. and their application in solving daily life problems.

UNIT III: COORDINATE GEOMETRY

1. LINES (In two-dimensions)

Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations. Distance formula. Section formula (internal division). Area of a triangle.

UNIT IV: GEOMETRY

1. TRIANGLES

Definitions, examples, counter examples of similar triangles.

  1. (Prove) If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.
  2. (Motivate) If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.
  3. (Motivate) If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar.
  4. (Motivate) If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.
  5. (Motivate) If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.
  6. (Motivate) If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse, the triangles on each side of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other.
  7. (Prove) The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares on their corresponding sides.
  8. (Prove) In a right triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides.
  9. (Prove) In a triangle, if the square on one side is equal to sum of the squares on the other two sides, the angles opposite to the first side is a right traingle.

2. CIRCLES

Tangents to a circle motivated by chords drawn from points coming closer and closer to the point.

  1. (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.
  2. (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to circle are equal.

3. CONSTRUCTIONS

  1. Division of a line segment in a given ratio (internally).
  2. Tangent to a circle from a point outside it.
  3. Construction of a triangle similar to a given triangle.

UNIT V: TRIGONOMETRY

1 . INTRODUCTION TO TRIGONOMETRY

Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle. Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios, whichever are defined at 0° and 90°. Values (with proofs) of the trigonometric ratios of 30°, 45° and 60°. Relationships between the ratios.

2. TRIGONOMETRIC IDENTITIES

Proof and applications of the identity sin2A + cos2A = 1. Only simple identities to be given. Trigonometric ratios of complementary angles.

3. HEIGHTS AND DISTANCES

Simple and believable problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles. Angles of elevation / depression should be only 30°, 45°, 60°.

UNIT VI: MENSURATION

1. AREAS RELATED TO CIRCLES

Motivate the area of a circle; area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and perimeter / circumference of the above said plane figures. (In calculating area of segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to central angle of 60°, 90° and 120° only. Plane figures involving triangles, simple quadrilaterals and circle should be taken).

2. SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES

(i) Problems on finding surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone.

(ii) Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems. (Problems with combination of not more than two different solids be taken).

UNIT VII: STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

1. STATISTICS

Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided). Cumulative frequency graph.

2. PROBABILITY

Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on single events (not using set notation).

General Observations

Difficulty level of the question paper: Medium

All the questions in the paper were from the syllabus

Easy as compared to the last year’s paper

No questions repeated from the last year’s paper

Paper was a bit lengthy and time consuming.

4 marks questions were of medium level.

Average marks expected by students: 65 Marks

Comparison with the year 2017 question paper pattern

Year of Exam

Number of Questions

Total Marks

In Previous Years’ Maths Papers

31

90

In Maths Paper 2018

30

80


English Exam - CBSE X - 2018

Section  Topic  Marks 
Reading Skills  20 
Writing Skills with Grammar  30
Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text 30 
  Total  80

SECTION A: READING

This section will have two unseen passages of a total of 700-750 words as per the details below:

Q.1: A Factual passage 300-350 words with eight Very Short Answer Type (VSA) Questions. [8 marks]

Q.2: A Discursive passage of 350-400 words with four Short Answer Type Questions of eight marks to test inference, evaluation and analysis and four VSA to test vocabulary and comprehension (two VSA for vocabulary and two for comprehension) [12 marks]

SECTION B: WRITING AND GRAMMAR

Q.3: Formal Letter (Complaints / Inquiry / Placing order / letter to the editor) in about 100-120 words. The questions will be thematically based on the Main Course Book. [8 marks]

Q.4: Writing a short story based on a given outline or cue/s in about 200-250 words. [10 marks]

The Grammar syllabus will include the following areas in class X.

  1. Tenses
  2. Modals (have to/had to, must, should, need, ought to and their negative forms)
  3. Use of passive voice
  4. Subject – verb concord
  5. Reporting
    • (i) Commands and requests
    • (ii) Statements
    • (iii) Questions
  6. Clauses:
    • (i) Noun clauses
    • (ii) Adverb clauses of condition and time
    • (iii) Relative clauses
  7. Determiners
  8. Prepositions

The above items may be tested through test types as given below:

Q.5: Gap filling with one or two words to test Prepositions, Articles, Conjunctions and Tenses. [4 marks]

Q.6: Editing or Omission [4 marks]

Q.7: Sentences reordering or Sentence Transformation in context. [4 marks]

SECTION C: LITERATURE TEXTBOOK AND LONG READING TEXT

Q.8. One out of two extracts from prose / poetry / play for reference to context. Four Very Short Answer Questions: Two questions of one mark each for global comprehension and two questions of one mark each on interpretation. [4 marks]

Q.9. Four Short Answer type Questions from the Literature Reader to test local and global comprehension of theme and ideas (30-40 words each) [2×4 = 8 marks]

Q.10. One out of two long answer type questions to assess how the values inherent in the text have been brought out. Creativity, imagination and extrapolation beyond the text and across the texts will be assessed. (100-120 words). [8 marks]

Q.11. One out of two Very Long Answer Question on theme or plot involving interpretation, inference and character, in about 200-250 words based on prescribed novel text
for extended reading. [10 marks]

Prescribed Books

INTERACT IN ENGLISH SERIES

  • Main Course Book (Revised Edition)
  • Workbook (Revised Edition)
  • Literature Reader (Revised Edition)

EXTENDED READING TEXTS (either one)

  • Diary of a Young Girl - 1947 By Anne Frank (unabridged edition)
  • The Story of My Life - 1903 By Helen Keller (unabridged edition)

General Observations

Difficulty level of the question paper: Easy

Easier than the last year’s paper

All the questions in the paper were asked from the syllabus

No questions were repeated from previous years’ papers

Most time consuming sections were Section B and Section C

Average marks expected by students: 70 Marks

Comparison with the year 2017 question paper pattern

Section

Marks in Previous Years

Marks in Year 2018

A

20

20

B

25

30

C

25

30

Total

70

80


Hindi Exam - CBSE X - 2018

General Observations

The question paper was easy

It was easier than previous year

All the questions in the paper were from the syllabus

Questions were not repeated from previous years’ papers

Writing section (? – ????) was the most time-consuming section

Most students are expecting 65 to 70 marks (out of 80 marks)


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