M.Sc. Physics is a postgraduate course based on the study of all branches of Physics. A candidate has to be a B.Sc. graduate in Physics from a recognized university in order to become eligible for this course. M.Sc. Physics is a two-year program. If the course is pursued through correspondence then the duration of the course is two years minimum and three years maximum.
Top Institutes Offering M.Sc. Physics are:
- Ramjas College, New Delhi
- Hans Raj College, New Delhi
- St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata
- Hindu College, New Delhi
- Miranda House College, New Delhi
The average tuition fee for the entire course ranges between INR 25,000 to 1.5 Lacs.
The mode of admission in some colleges is through an Entrance Examination while in others it is based on merit marks of the qualifying exam.
M.Sc. Physics graduate can get jobs in Research labs, academic and education institution, atomic and space organization, meteorology departments, medical industry etc. and can work as Research Scientist, Lecturer/professor, medical physicist, radiation physicist etc.A fresh graduate of this course can expect an average annual salary of INR 1 to INR 2.5 Lacs.
Top Colleges for Master of Science [M.Sc] (Physics)
- Master of Science [M.Sc] (Physics) in Tamil Nadu
- Master of Science [M.Sc] (Physics) in Kerala
- Master of Science [M.Sc] (Physics) in Uttar Pradesh
- Master of Science [M.Sc] (Physics) in Maharashtra
- Master of Science [M.Sc] (Physics) in Punjab
M.Sc. Physics: Course Highlights
|Course Level||Post Graduate|
|Examination Type||Yearly System|
|Eligibility||B.Sc. in Physics with 50% aggregate|
|Admission Process||Entrance Exams|
|Course Fee||INR 25,000 to 1.5 Lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 1- 2.5 Lac|
|Top Recruiting Organizations'||Maruti Udyog, Tech Mahindra, Infosys, Wipro, CTS, etc|
|Top Job Profiles||Junior Research Fellow, Research Scientist, Medical Physicist, Radiation Physicist, Research Associate.|
M.Sc. Physics: What is it about?
Physics is a branch of science which is concerned with the study of matter and energy and the interaction between them. The course also imparts knowledge on the fundamental principles of several branches in Physics.
This course also covers the basic knowledge of various specializations like nuclear physics, high energy physics, condensed matter physics, astrophysics, cosmology, medicine, mining, geophysics.
This course is completed over the duration of 2 years.The course follows the semester system over the annual mode and hence the course is divided into 4 semesters.
For students pursuing the course through correspondence, the duration of the course is minimum 2 years and maximum of 3 years.
Academic Options after M.Sc. Physics
After this Masters course, students can opt for M.Phil.and Ph.D. in Physics or a specialization in Physics from colleges like BITS Pilani, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, Loyola College, Chennaietc.
Students can also opt for a part-time Ph.D. in Physics from colleges like Lovely Professional University. Students also have the option of pursuing a diploma in Radiology and Medical Physics from colleges like Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeeth University.
M.Sc. Physics: Top Institutes
M.sc Physics is a course that is usually found in many colleges. Top colleges for M.Sc. Physics are as follows:
|Name of College||Location||Average Fee (in INR)|
|Amrita Vishwa Vidyapaeetham University||Kollam||83,600|
|Loyola College ||Chennai||5,950|
|National Institute of Technology||Karnataka||31,800|
|Indian Institute of Technology||Kanpur||49,000|
|Fergusson College ||Pune||20,000|
|Central University of Jharkhand||Ranchi||13,800|
|Madras Christian College||Chennai||14,600|
|The Oxford College of Science||Bangalore||40,000|
|Ramjas College||New Delhi||11,100|
|Hans Raj College||New Delhi||18,900|
M.Sc. Physics: Eligibility
The candidate must have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination by a recognized board and BSc Physics with 50% or above marks in aggregate. The candidate must have passed B.Sc. (General/Programme/B.Sc. (Pass) B.Sc. (H) Electronic, B.A. /B.Sc. (H) Instrumentation B.A./ B.Sc. (H) Electronics with 50% or above marks in aggregate.
M.Sc. Physics: Admission
The admission to the program is based on performance in the Entrance Examination and/or the academic record of the student in graduation.
Some of the Entrance Exams for M.Sc. in Physics is as follows:
CUCET: Central Universities Common Entrance Test is an exam by eight central universities in India. The application forms are available online from April and the exam is conducted in the month of May.
DUET: Delhi University Entrance exam for Physics is conducted in the month of June. The application forms are available in the month of April.
NITTET: National Institute of Technology conducts an entrance exam in the month of June. The application forms are available in the month of April and the exam is held in May.
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M.Sc. Physics Entrance Exam
The entrance exam paper will consist of 100-150 multiple choice and cross-matching type questions. The time duration of the exam is 2.5 to 3 hours.The paper has a negative marking of 0 to 1 for every wrong answer.
M.Sc. Physics Selection Process
Selection to the M.Sc. in Physics program is based on both Entrance Exam (85%) and the academic record of the student (15%) in graduation. Colleges like Sikkim Manipal University which do not take Entrance Exam bases its selection process on the merit marks obtained in qualifying examination.
M.Sc. Physics: Syllabus and Course Description
This course is aimed at imparting knowledge on the fundamental principles of Physics.The course delivery method in M.Sc. Physics include seminars, lectures, workshops and practical lab work.
Students will be required to complete a research project towards the last two semesters and this forms an integral part of the syllabus for the course. In the final evaluation, class assignments, end-semester exams, internships and project reports are taken into account.
There might be variations in the syllabus from college to college. The syllabus is divided into Core and Elective courses. A detailed syllabus is as follows:
|Name of Subject||Topics||Description|
|Mathematical Methods||Functions of a complex variable, Linear Differential Equations & Special Functions, Partial Differential Equations and Green Function Method, Elements of Group Theory, Integral Equations, Fourier and Laplace transforms, Green’s functions for ordinary and partial differential equations of mathematical physics, Tensor analysis||This is a course on the mathematical methods in Physics|
|Classical Mechanics||Newtonian mechanics and its limitations, Central force, Principle of least action, Canonical Transformations, Small Oscillations||This course is on basic principles of mechanics|
|Quantum Mechanics||Mathematical tools, Fundamental Concepts of Quantum Mechanics, Angular Momentum, Identical Particles, Symmetries, Approximation methods, Scattering theory, The Klein Gordon equation, The Dirac equation, Covariant form of the Dirac equation, Conjugate Dirac spinor and its Lorentz transformation, Boosting the wave function from the rest frame, Dirac’s hole theory and charge conjugation, Foldy- Wuthuysen transformations, The Hydrogen atom||This course is to impart knowledge on basic principles of quantum mechanics|
|Electronics||Semiconductor Devices, Feedback Principle, Microwave Electronics, Passive Networks, High-Frequency Transmission Line, Active Circuits, Op-Amp Circuits, Voltage Regulators, Elements of Communication Electronics, Digital Circuits||This course is about the study of electronics in physics|
|Solid State Physics||Crystalline and amorphous solids, X-ray diffraction by crystals, Types of bonding, Vibrations of one-dimensional monatomic and diatomic lattices, Magnetic properties of solids, Quantized free electron theory, Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, Energy bands in solids||This course is based on principles in solid state physics|
|Atomic Spectroscopy||General discussion in Hydrogen spectra, Spectra of divalent atoms, a Hyperfine structure in spectra of monovalent atoms, Lasers in Spectroscopy, Superconductivity||The importance and use of atomic spectroscopy is the focus of this course|
|Nuclear Physics||General properties of nuclei, Two-nucleon problem and nuclear forces, Nuclear models, Particle accelerators, Beta and Gamma decay, the Energy loss of charged particles, Reactor Physics, High energy physics||This course is about the principles of Nuclear Physics|
|Relativity and Cosmology||Review of the special theory of relativity, Review of tensor calculus, Einstein’s field equations, Applications of general relativity, Gravitational Collapse and Black Holes, Cosmology||This course studies the relationship and the interaction of relativity and cosmology in Physics|
|Classical Electrodynamics||Scattering, Magneto hydrodynamic (MHD) equations, Orbit theory of drift motions in a plasma, Propagation of EM waves through the plasma, Multiple radiations||This course is about the principles of electrodynamics|
|Advanced Optics||Basic Laser Theory, Basic Laser Systems, Laser Beam Propagation, Nonlinear Optics, Holography, Transient effect, Fibre optics, Detection of optical radiation||Here, the fundamentals of optics and optic theory is the base of the course|
|Statistical Mechanics||Scope and aim of statistical mechanics., Stationary ensembles, Density matrix, Distribution functions, Ideal quantum systems, Strongly interacting systems, Phase transition, Fluctuations||This course is on primary principles of mechanics|
|Group Theory||Abstract group theory, Representation theory, Continuous group, Application in Physics||This course is about the importance of group theory in physics|
|Molecular Spectroscopy||Born-Oppenheimer approximation and separation of electronic and nuclear motions in Molecules, Microwave and far infrared spectroscopy, Infrared spectra, Raman spectroscopy, Vibrational spectra of polyatomic molecules, Electronic spectra of diatomic molecules, Hydrogen molecule ion and molecular orbital, Basic aspects of photophysical processes, Application of group theory to spectroscopy||This course focuses on study on molecules.|
|Astrophysics||Stellar Structure and Evolution, Nuclear Astrophysics, Stellar Objects & Stellar Explosions, Gravitational Collapse and Relativistic Astrophysics, Accretion disks||This is a course on the study of planetary movements, gravity etc.|
M.Sc. Physics: Career Prospects
With a comprehensive knowledge of concepts in Physics, students with M.Sc. Physics degree can find employment in private as well as in Government sector. One can look for jobs in research labs, medical labs, academic institutions, IT field, technical field, automobile industry and various government-owned Scientific Research and Development Organizations. Other than these options a Physics graduate has the option even to step ahead for civil services for which one is supposed to clear civil service exams conducted by UPSC.
According to the projection made by BLS, during 2012-2022 jobs for physicists would go up by 10%. A physicist is lucky enough to get job anywhere he/she wants to. Teaching profession is also open to a Physics graduate.
Some of the major private companies having a large scope of employment for M.Sc. Physics students are:
- Maruti Udyog
- Tech Mahindra
While in Government sector major recruiting organizations are:
- Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
- Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
- Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
- National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)
- Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
Related M.Sc. Physics Courses are:
- M.Sc. Applied Physics
- M.Sc. Biophysics
- M.Sc. Chemistry
Read more aboutM.Sc. Physics courses
Various job profiles and their description of above-listed companies are:
|Junior Research Fellow||A Junior research fellowship prepares the candidate to take on the role of a university professor. If the work of the junior research fellow is satisfactory, they are promoted to senior research fellow.|
|Research Scientist||A research scientist is hired to carry out researches in the said field and design and conduct experiments to make significant contributions to the study of physics.|
|Medical Physicist||The job of the medical physicist involves the development of techniques and equipment that would be used by medical staff to diagnose illness and treat patients.|
|Radiation Physicist||The prime job of the radiation physicist is to ensure the smooth functioning of medical devices which use radiation.|
|Research Associate||They are professionals hired to carry out research and be a part of an ongoing research program within a research facility.|
M.Sc. Physics: Salary Trends
There are so many jobs for a physicist in every sector that one is never worried about the amount of money he/she will get after his/her degree in Physics. Even in past few years, demand for physicist has increased so much that salary trend for physics graduate looks very optimistic. Among cities, Hyderabad had the highest salary hike of almost 25% for analytics professionals. However, IT sector offers the best salary packages to job seekers. An average salary in this sector ranges between 3 lakhs to 7 lakhs for entry level candidates with a regular growth rate of 30% every year.
Given below is the graph showing salary trend of various job profiles on which a physicist can work: