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Bachelors of Science in Zoology is a professional undergraduate degree course in Animal Biology. It is a three-year-course comprising six semesters in most universities. A few universities like IGNOU and Annamalai University (in the distance mode) follow annual system wherein exams are held once a year.

Candidates should have passed Class XII with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology and with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks.

One can either enroll in a regular college or opt for Correspondence/Distance Learning. The admission is based on the cut off list issued by the university or college. The admission process is entirely merit-based. The course fee varies from INR 3,000 to INR 7,000 per semester (six months) for different colleges.

The knowledge of Zoology is the central theme in the areas like Environmental Biology and Ecology. There is a lot of scope after graduating in Zoology. A Zoology graduate can get into diverse sectors like animal biodiversity prospecting, bioinformatics, ecosystem monitoring, wildlife conservation, and environmental management.

Top Colleges for Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Zoology)

  • Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Zoology) in Tamil Nadu
  • Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Zoology) in Uttar Pradesh
  • Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Zoology) in Maharashtra
  • Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Zoology) in Assam
  • Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Zoology) in Kerala

Highlights of the B.Sc. Zoology Course

Name of the courseBachelors of Science in Zoology or B.Sc. Zoology
Duration of the course3 years
Average course feeINR 5,000 per semester
Sectors of employmentLab, Academic Institutes, Forestry
Average entry-level salaryINR 3.5 lakhs per annum

B.Sc. Zoology Course: What is it About

Zoology, also known as Animal Biology, is the branch of biology that deals with living as well as extinct animals and their interaction with their ecosystems.

Bachelor of Science in Zoology is a three-year-course with a total of six semesters. Examinations are conducted twice a year, one in each semester. During the course of these three years, students have to take about twenty-four papers/exams which would assist them with all necessary educational and professional skills of this field. There is also internals and practical exams conducted by the university.

For open-learning/correspondence mode of education:

Minimum Duration: 3 years

Maximum Duration: 6 years

The curriculum covers the form, function, and behavior of animals and elucidates general biological principles through the study of specialized or experimentally tractable systems. It is well-structured with theory-based papers along with practical sessions to provide a hands-on experience to the students and help them comprehend scientific concepts easily.

It prepares the students to indulge in the emerging fields of Biology like Animal Biotechnology, Biodiversity Studies, Environmental Management, Ecosystem Monitoring, and Animal Bioinformatics, to name a few. Adequate knowledge of Environmental Biology is indispensable in today’s world and thus, has been incorporated into the curriculum. It also focuses on developing students’ practical scientific skills.

It has been well-designed keeping in view the current requirements of B.Sc. (Hons.) Zoology students. The contents have been prepared to familiarize them with the widening horizons of Biological Science. They reflect the changing needs of the students therefore, other important disciplines have been specifically included.

Animal PhysiologyFunctional HistologyEnvironmental Management
Molecular BiologyEcologyBiodiversity: Non-Chordata
BiochemistryImmunologyBiodiversity: Chordata
Developmental BiologyGenetics & GenomicsEvolutionary Biology
Applied ZoologyCell Biology-

Top Institutes Offering B.Sc. Zoology

B.Sc. Zoology is one of the most sought-after courses that Biology students are keen on pursuing. Currently, there are over 500 colleges providing this course. Here is the list of some of the renowned academic institutions offering this course.

Sri Venkateswara CollegeDelhi
Madras Christian CollegeChennai
St. Joseph’s CollegeBengaluru
Gargi CollegeDelhi
St. Xavier’s CollegeThiruvananthapuram
Presidency CollegeChennai
Maulana Azad CollegeKolkata
Loyola CollegeChennai
DAV CollegeChandigarh
Kirori Mal CollegeDelhi
Presidency CollegeChennai
Sacred Heart CollegeCochin
Annamalai UniversityTamil Nadu
Ramjas CollegeDelhi
St. Joseph’s CollegeBengaluru
Christ UniversityBengaluru
Women’s Christian CollegeChennai
Fergusson CollegePune
Miranda HouseDelhi
Hansraj CollegeDelhi

Eligibility for B.Sc. Zoology

The minimum eligibility criterion for a student to take admission in B.Sc. Zoology is that the candidate must have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in class 12 and should have attained a minimum of 50% aggregate in 10+2 examinations.

There is no eligibility percentage for Distance/Correspondence mode of education.

Bachelor of Science [B.Sc.] (Zoology) Admission Process

The admission is based on the cut-off list issued by the university or college. The major admission process is only on the merit basis. A few universities like Banaras Hindu University also conduct their Undergraduate Entrance Tests (UET). Admissions are made according to merit in the entrance test, subject to fulfilling of eligibility requirements.

The process starts in the month of May. The first step is to duly fill the admission form. It can be either online or offline depending on the institution.

The admission to Bachelor of Science in Zoology is based on the marks attained by the students in class XII. Most colleges and universities release cut off lists after the students have filled the admission forms. If the aggregate percentage obtained by the student in the class XII examination satisfies the cut-off criterion issued by the college, he/she shall be granted admission based on the merit list.

Bachelor degree in Zoology can also be awarded through distance education mode. There are a number of colleges and universities in India that offer bona fide education in Zoology through distance or correspondence mode.

The eligibility criterion for admission to B. Sc. Zoology is that the candidate must have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in XII standard. Students need to submit the duly filled application forms to the university. In this mode too. Different universities release cut-off lists for enrollment. Admission is granted to those fulfilling the eligibility criteria. Students must ensure the validity of the course they are pursuing and the college/university in this medium.

Distance Mode Admission

Bachelor degree in Zoology can also be awarded through distance education mode. There are a number of colleges and universities in India that offer a bona fide course in Zoology through this mode. Students must ensure the validity of the course they are pursuing and the college in distance or correspondence medium.

Here is the list of colleges and universities offering this course in distance mode:

Open University of UttaranchalUttarakhand
Vardhman Mahaveer Open University,Kota, Rajasthan
Open University of KotaRajasthan
Acharya Nagarjuna UniversityAndhra Pradesh
Bharathiar University, CoimbatoreTamil Nadu
Sri Venkateswara UniversityTirupati, Tamil Nadu
Annamalai UniversityTamil Nadu
Bhuvaneshwari Correspondence CollegeBengaluru, Karnataka
Indira Gandhi National Open UniversityBengaluru, Karnataka
Karnataka State Open UniversityKarnataka
Tamil Nadu Open UniversityTamil Nadu
Madhya Pradesh Bhoj Open UniversityMadhya Pradesh
Dr.B.R. Ambedkar Open UniversityHyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
Bharathiar UniversityCoimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Jai Prakash VidhyalayaBihar
Nalanda Open UniversityPatna, Bihar
Nethaji Subhas Open UniversityKolkata, West Bengal
KK Handique State UniversityDispur
Yashwant Rao Chavan Open UniversityNashik, Maharashtra
School of Distance Learning and Continuing Education (SDLCE)Telangana

Lateral Entry

The universities like Annamalai University offer lateral entry to the students.

Candidates who have passed the first year examinations from a recognized University and where the Syllabi studied are common to the extent of at least 75% with that University, may be admitted to the Second/Third year of the same Degree Program.

Those who have completed the duration of a UG or PG Program and have not been successful in the Examinations, will not be eligible for admission under Lateral Entry Scheme.

B.Sc Colleges in MaharashtraB.Sc Colleges in KarnatakaB.Sc Colleges in Andhra PradeshB.Sc Colleges in Assam

Scope for higher studies after B.Sc. in Zoology

After completing their graduate degree in B.Sc. Zoology, candidates have numerous opportunities for their higher studies. Various higher study options after B.Sc. Zoology are listed below.

Name of the CourseWho should opt for it
Master of Science in Zoology, Applied Zoology, Life ScienceThose not interested in just basic zoology and want to go for in-depth knowledge.
Post Graduate Diploma in Life Science, Applied ZoologyThese courses are not only shorter in duration but also more profession-specific.
Master of Business Administration in Biotechnology Management, Pharma Management, Dairy Management, Clinical Research, Hospital AdministrationBest for the ones wanting to go into management and administration.
B.EdFor those interested in teaching in schools and other academic institutions.

B.Sc in Zoology: Course Structure

The curriculum is well-planned to give theoretical as well as practical knowledge of Zoology and allied courses to the students. There are class tests, practicals, assignments, seminars, projects, and theory lectures.


Zoology is a vast subject that covers the biological aspects of living as well as extinct animals. Students have to take the following courses during B.Sc. program:

Name of the courseTopics CoveredDescription
Biodiversity: Non-ChordataProtozoa, Metazoa; Phyla Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Aschelminthes, Annelida, Arthropoda, Onychophora, Mollusca, EchinodermataGeneral characters and outline classification of different phyla: Their physiology, structure, distribution, classification, and significance.
Biodiversity: ChordataProtochordates, Agnatha, Pisces, Amphibia, Reptiles, Aves, MammalsGeneral characters and outline classification: Their physiology, structure, distribution, classification, and significance.
Bio-ChemistryCarbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Carbohydrate Metabolism, Lipid Metabolism, Protein Metabolism, Intermediary metabolism, Enzymes, Oxidative PhosphorylationIncludes the knowledge about chemical and physio-chemical processes related to living organisms.
BiotechnologyIntroduction, Transgenic Animal Technology, Transgenic Plants, Applications of Biotechnology, Molecular Techniques in Gene manipulation, Patenting & Biosafety, Animal Cell, and Tissue CultureThis course is designed to understand the biological processes that can be used in industries especially the genetic manipulation of micro-organisms.
EcologyIntroduction to Ecology, Ecosystem, Biome, Biosphere and Ecosphere, Population, Population Growth regulation, Ecosystem, Community successionUnderstanding relationships among different organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.
Evolutionary BiologyLamarckism, Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism, Life’s beginning, Evidence of evolution, Process of evolutionary change, Products of evolutionary change Extinction and mass extinction, Origin and evolution of man, Phylogenetic treesStudies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity, common descent and speciation on Earth.
GeneticsIntroduction to Genetics, Mitosis and Meiosis, Sex Determination, Extra-chromosomal Inheritance, Genomic Analysis - Dissection of Gene Function, Population Genetics, Genome Dynamics-Transposable genetic elements, Eukaryotic Viruses, Mendelian Genetics and its Extension, Linkage, Crossing Over and Chromosomal Mapping, Mutations, Developmental Genetics and Model System, Genomics, Quantitative Genetics, Genetic Analysis and Mapping in Bacteria and Bacteriophages, Bioinformatics and Proteomics, Evolutionary GeneticsComprehend the heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics.
Molecular BiologyNucleic Acids Convey Genetic Information, Structures of Genetic Material, Mutability and Repair of DNA, Transcription, RNA Modifications, Translation (Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes), Genome Structure, Chromatin and Nucleosome, Replication of DNA in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes, Transcription Regulation in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes, Regulatory RNAsKnowledge of the structure and function of the macromolecules.
Cell BiologyOverview of Cells, Tools and techniques of Cell Biology, Composition of Cells, Nucleus, Protein Sorting and Transport Mitochondria, Chloroplasts and Peroxisomes, Cytoskeleton and Cell Movement, Plasma Membrane, Cell Wall, the Extracellular Matrix and Cell Interactions, Cell Signaling, Cell Cycle, Cell Death and Cell Renewal, CancerIt covers the different structures and functions of the cell and focuses on the idea of the cell as the basic unit of life.
Animal PhysiologyNervous System, Reproductive System, Endocrine System, Tissues and Glands, Digestive System Respiratory System, Excretory System, Circulatory SystemThe scientific study of the physiology of animals.
ImmunologyOverview of Immune system, Components of the immune system, Cells and Organs of the Immune System, Antigens, Immunoglobulins, Major Histocompatibility Complex, Antigen Processing and Presentation, Immune Effectors Mechanisms Hypersensitivity, Immune System in Health & DiseaseDeals with various aspects of the immune system in organisms.

B.Sc. in Zoology Career Prospects

There are various sectors of employment in the field of Zoology. Here’s the list of job profiles:

Zoology Faculty MemberZookeeperForensic Experts
Clinical Business AssociateAnimal rehabilitatorAnimal Caretakers
Online tutorZoo CuratorWildlife Biologists
Research AssociateDocumentary MakerAnimal breeders
Nutrition SpecialistResearcherVeterinarian
Medical RepresentativeAnimal BehavioristsLab Technicians
Animal and Wildlife EducatorsAnimal TrainersEnvironmental consultant
Field trials officerBiomedical scientistToxicologist
Marine scientistPhysician associateNature conservation officer
Environmental education officerEnvironmental manager-
Research scientist (life sciences)Higher education lecturer-

There are numerous opportunities after you graduate in Zoology:

  • Wildlife Biologist: In the current scenario of global warming, mankind needs to pay attention to conserving the wildlife. The main concern of wildlife biologist is the conservation and propagation of wildlife.
  • Community development organizations: Ideal places to apply theoretical knowledge in real life settings. You can also join a number of organizations to pursue a career in community development like:
  1. Zoo Outreach Organization
  2. Dr. Salim Ali School of Ecology
  3. Indian Tiger Welfare Society
  4. Wildlife Trust of India
  5. Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS)
  6. Protection Society of India
  7. Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the environment (ATREE) etc.
  8. Central Zoo Authority (CZA)
  9. Regional Resource Centers of Ministry of Environment and Forest Wildlife
  10. Wildlife Information Liaison Development
  11. Center for Science and Environment (CSE)
  • Indian Forest Services (IFoS): A candidate who has graduated and is below 30 years, in case of candidate belonging to the general category can take IFoS exam conducted by Union Public Services Commission (UPSC). The upper age limit is relaxable up to 5 years for the candidates belonging to categories: Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe (SC /ST).
  • Research work: If you are keen in research then you should apply for IISc., IISER, TIFR, NCBS, JNCASR, etc. for an Integrated MSc-PhD program or pursue an advanced degree in wildlife biology or ecological sciences from institutes like 
  1. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun
  2. Jawaharlal Nehru University
  3. The Indian Institute of Ecology and Environment
  4. The Center for Environmental Education
  5. Indian Institute of Forest Management
  6. Wildlife Conservation Society, Bangalore
  7. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  8. Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore etc.
  • Freelance consultant: You may also work as a freelance consultant in various research and development organizations.

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