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Ph.D. in Sanskrit or Doctor of Philosophy in Sanskrit is a 3-year full time doctorate level course which is divided into 6 semesters. This course provides an introduction to Sanskrit language with emphasis on practical, written and spoken Sanskrit. Students who have completed their master’s degree in Sanskrit are eligible to apply for this course.

Admission to the course is entrance exam based and merit based. A merit list is issued by few recognized colleges or universities for admitting students. Candidates should visit respective college’s website and apply online. However, colleges also have their own eligibility criteria and selection process.

Various entrance exams that are conducted by some recognized colleges include:

  • NET
  • JRF
  • SLET

Based on the exam results, students might be called for personal interview and those selected will join the course in respective colleges. Lateral entry students can get direct admission without writing an entrance exam. Some of the top colleges which offer Ph.D. in Sanskrit course in India are:

  • Kurukshetra university, Kurukshetra
  • Punjab university, Punjab
  • University of Delhi, Delhi
  • Jain university, Bangalore

The average fee for this course ranges between INR 1,000 to 2 lacs. The course emphasises students to learn about Sanskrit language and literature. Skills and knowledge in Sanskrit language are taught by the teachers. Students might get training to prior literatures like Vedic culture and literature, Vedanga literature, Puraana literature, etc. The also study some epics like Mahabharata, Ramayana in Sanskrit language.

Numerous career options are available for candidates in this field. They can work as Interpreter or Translator, Novelist, Writer, Home tutor, Researcher, Newspaper editor, etc. A new trend is emerging in the field of freelancing. These professionals work in research firms, translation bureaus, publishing houses, international organizations, etc. The average salary for them ranges between INR 3 to 10 lacs per annum increasing with experience and expertise.

Top Colleges for Ph.D. (Sanskrit)

  • Ph.D. (Sanskrit) in Tamil Nadu
  • Ph.D. (Sanskrit) in Gujarat
  • Ph.D. (Sanskrit) in Uttar Pradesh
  • Ph.D. (Sanskrit) in Rajasthan
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Arts in Delhi-NCR
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Arts in Maharashtra

Ph.D. (Sanskrit):  Course Highlights Table

Mentioned below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course LevelDoctorate
Duration3 years
Examination TypeSemester type
EligibilityMaster’s degree in Sanskrit
Admission ProcessEntrance exam based and Merit based
Top recruiting organizationsFIITJEE limited, Urbanpro, Planet Spark, NCR Edu services private limited
Top recruiting areasTyping offices, Colleges and Universities, Coaching centres, Data entry offices
Top job profilesNovelist, Translator, Lecturer, Researcher, Editor
Course FeeINR 1,000 to 2 lacs
Average Starting SalaryINR 3 to 10 lacs

Ph.D. (Sanskrit): What is it about?

Ph.D. (Sanskrit) course aims to train students in the field of Sanskrit computational linguistics, the traditional sabdabodha theories, and thus bridging the gap between the present and past. They will be exposed to the basics of computer programming, logistics, statistics, mathematics and NLP in addition and strengthening their basics in Vyakarna.

The module provides students with a basic knowledge of Sanskrit and practice of using Sanskrit in a variety of everyday situations. This study allows students to interact with Sanskrit speakers in Sanskrit and to acquire familiarity with the Sanskrit script. This course provides students with a basis to approach research topics relating to Sanskrit literature and culture.

This course helps students to gain knowledge on Sanskrit language and their scripts. They should practice this language to write, read, and translate in many languages as per the requirements. They will learn Sanskrit letters, punctuations, words, sentence formation etc. They can write based on some Sanskrit structure.

Top Institutes Offering Ph.D. (Sanskrit)

Given below are the college names, location and the average structure of the fees which will be taken by the college for this course.

Name of CollegeCityAverage Annual Fee in INR
Allahabad universityAllahabad1,000
Assam universityAssam56,000
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Hindi vishwavidyalayaBhopal50,000
Banasthali universityRajasthan15,500
Devi ahilya vishwavidyalayaIndore37,500
DR. B. R. Ambedkar universityRajasthan1,700
Guwahati universityGuwahati31,800
GD Modi Arts collegeGujarat52,000
Gokul Das Hindu Girls collegeMoradabad2,800
Gulbarga universityGulbarga62,000
Himachal Pradesh universityShimla2,700
Jain universityBangalore1,20,000
Kurukshetra universityKurukshetra36,100
Magadh universityBihar8,500
Maharaja ganga singh universityRajasthan90,000
Maharaja’s collegeKochi28,900
Maharishi dayanand universityRohtak33,500
Meerut collegeMeerut8,700
Pondicherry universityPondicherry67,170
Tripura universityTripura10,000
University of madrasChennai5,500

Eligibility for Ph.D. (Sanskrit)

Aspirants who wish to pursue Doctor of Philosophy in Sanskrit must fulfil the below-mentioned eligibility criteria:

  • Completion of postgraduate degree in Sanskrit
  • A minimum of 55% or equivalent marks at postgraduate level

However, there are a few colleges which admit students who have secured 60% marks or more.

Top Sanskrit Colleges In West BengalTop Sanskrit Colleges In Uttar PradeshTop Sanskrit Colleges In DelhiTop Sanskrit Colleges In Gujarat

Ph.D. (Sanskrit): Admission Process

Admission to Ph.D. (Sanskrit) course is based on the marks obtained in entrance exams conducted by colleges. However, there are some colleges which conduct their own entrance tests followed by a round of Personal Interview. Some of the common entrance exams conducted by colleges include:

  • NET
  • JRF
  • SLET   

Questions asked in the entrance exams are based on Sanskrit language and literature.

There are a few colleges which directly admit students to this course based on their post-graduation marks.

Ph.D. (Sanskrit): Syllabus and Course Description

A year - wise syllabus of the course is given below.

Year IYear II
Fundamentals of researchLanguage learning
Research techniques and methodologyDevelopment of Sanskrit language 
DocumentationDocumentation skill
ManuscriptologyComputer skills
Vedic culture and literature-
Vedanga literature-
Puraana literature-
Sanskrit sahitya ka ltihasa-
Literary texts-

Who should opt for this course?

Interested aspirants of this course must take care of the below-mentioned points.

  • Candidates who are interested in Sanskrit language and its related areas are most suitable for this course.
  • Students who need a Ph.D. degree to get promotion in their career or a suitable job in this field.
  • Students who want to preserve the heritage of Sanskrit literature are also suitable to apply for this course.

Ph.D. (Sanskrit): Career Prospects

Numerous opportunities are available for aspirants in this field after successful completion of the course. Some of the major fields which graduates can work in are: teaching, civil services, and research. They also work in job profiles namely historians, archaeologists, translators etc. and few other related job positions include:

  • Interpreter
  • Letter translator
  • Voice-over Script
  • Lead Features Editor
  • Content Editor - Journalism
  • Instructor – Sanskrit Language
  • Bilingual Call Centre Customer Service Representative

In Media and Mass Communication sector, professionals generally possess knowledge and skills in Hindi which is derived from Sanskrit. They can work as newsreaders, writers, and reporters which is quite demand to make a good career option.

Candidates can also opt for a career in teaching. They can work as Sanskrit teachers, lecturers in many schools and universities/colleges. These professionals teach and guide about Sanskrit language and literature for students. They also take separate sessions to teach lessons on Sanskrit. Salaries are based on the institutions.

Listed below are the top professional positions that were taken as the career by the graduates:

Job PositionJob DescriptionAverage Annual Salary in INR
NovelistNovelists are responsible for finding new ideas to write about and turn them into a new story. They must demonstrate a great amount of dedication and creativity. They must spend time to think new ideas and figuring out a way to write them. They should be proficient in punctuation, grammar, and misspelled words. After developing content, they should proof read and edit grammatical issues and other related errors.5,00,000
TranslatorTranslators are responsible for reading original content and rewrite it in a target language. They use specialist dictionaries, reference books, and thesauruses to find equivalent and closest terminology used. They provide clients with well-expressed final version of translated content, grammatically correct, as a word processor document.4,02,000
LecturerLecturers are responsible for lecture planning, research and preparation. They also interview course applicants, invigilating examinations, reading academic journals, and managing research budgets. They may write research papers, proposals, and other presentations. They will check and assess student’s work and supervise them. 3,10,000
ResearcherResearchers supervise research projects from the planning stages of project completion. They will communicate with other professionals and verify that all the projects goals, variables, research methods, and other research parameters. They often research to monitor the activities of research teams. They review gathered research and analyze various sets of data.6,59,000
EditorEditors are responsible to edit the content to improve readability. They plan the texts of publications according to the publication style, publishing requirements, and editorial policies. They allocate print space for some illustrations, photos, according to some parameters using layout principles.3,59,000

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