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Diploma in Ophthalmology is a postgraduate Medical Ophthalmology Course. Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the Anatomy, Physiology and diseases of the eye. The duration of the course is one year but it may be more or less then this depending on rules and regulations of different institutes.

Candidates must have completed Bachelor's degree in a relevant field from MCI recognized university or equivalent. Admission to the same is generally based on entrance exams. 

During the course, students learn the properties of light and geometric optics, including refraction and reflection. The Diploma course is an important and career oriented one that opens many opportunities for the candidates after its successful completion.

Some of the top institutes offering admission to Diploma in Ophthalmology are mentioned below.

  • Christian Medical College, Ludhiana
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
  • Kasturba Medical College, Karnataka

Such graduates are hired in capacities such as Sales Executive, Associate Professor, Super Specialty Consultant, Product Manager, Zonal Sales Manager, OT Technician, Area Sales Manager, Consultant Ophthalmology etc.

The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 10000 and 5 Lacs for a span of 1 years while a fresher in Ophthalmology working under government hospitals can start earning between INR 15,000 to 25,000 per month excluding other perks and benefits. Private sector hospitals offer very high pay which ranges from Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 40,000 per month.

Apart from these salaried jobs, an Ophthalmologist can also earn from part-time private practicing in eye-clinics. Senior eye-surgeons can earn somewhere between INR 60,000 to 1 lac for month.

Diploma in Ophthalmology: Course Highlights

Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course LevelDiploma
Duration1 year
Examination TypeSemester System/Year wise
EligibilityBachelor's degree
Admission ProcessEntrance exam based
Course FeeINR 10,000 to 5 Lacs
Average Starting SalaryINR 3 to 20 lacs per annum
Top Recruiting CompaniesIndian Red Cross Society, Indian Nursing Council, State Nursing Councils, Kailash Hospital, Metro Hospital, Max hospital, AIIMS, Fortis Hospital, Orphanage etc.
Top Recruiting AreasColleges & Universities, Medical Content Writing, Medial Labs, Defense Services, Government Hospitals, Nursing Homes etc.
Job PositionsSales Executive, Associate Professor, Super Specialty Consultant, Product Manager, Zonal Sales Manager, OT Technician, Area Sales Manager, Consultant Ophthalmology etc.

Diploma in Ophthalmology: What is it about?

Diploma in Ophthalmology expands on medical and surgical ideas learnt in life systems and anatomy, physiology and ophthalmic sicknesses amid the graduate degrees. Ophthalmology proposes to avert blindness, ascertain ocular health and rehabilitate patients with visual imparity.

The program relates to yet is not restricted to the examination in visual life structures, ocular anatomy, physiology, optics, hereditary qualities, genetics, pathology, practical ophthalmic science.

They should have good communication and interpersonal skills and friendly behave towards the patients while treatment. Candidates must have positive outlook and attitudes as they have to encourage he patients while medication and other severe disease. They should be able to formulate topical therapies such cream, paste, lotion and ointment etc.

Top Institutes offering Diploma in Ophthalmology

Listed below are some of the top institutes in India that offer the course along with their location and average annual course fee.

Name of InstituteCityAverage Fees
Christian Medical CollegeLudhianaINR 77,750
Armed Forces Medical CollegePune, MaharashtraINR 56,530
Kasturba Medical CollegeMangaloreINR 7,65,000
Seth Gs Medical CollegeMumbaiINR 3,500
Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical CollegeMumbaiINR 29,143
Government Medical CollegeNagpurINR 24,200
Government Medical CollegeSuratINR 6,000
Government Medical CollegeKeralaINR 15,000
Government Medical CollegeKottayam KeralaINR 22,727
Thrissur Govt. Medical CollegeThrissurINR 48,900
T.D. Medical CollegeAlappuzhaINR 47,000
M.S. Ramaiah Medical CollegeBangaloreINR 1,55,000
Svs Medical CollegeMahabub NagarINR 11,60,000
Kurnool Medical CollegeKurnoolINR 11,400
Maharashtra University Of Health Sciences NashikINR 21,231
Smt. Nhl Municipal Medical CollegeAhmedabadINR 4,30,000
Kempegowda Institute Of Medical ScienceBangaloreINR 41,660
Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Medical CollegeRajkotINR 6,000
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Medical CollegeBangaloreINR 3,57,000
Nri Medical CollegeGunturINR 34,000

Eligibility for Diploma in Ophthalmology

Interested candidates for the course must fulfil the below-mentioned eligibility criteria.

  • Completion of Bachelor's degree in relevant field
  • Graduation needs to be done from a MCI recognized university or equivalent

Diploma in Ophthalmology: Admission Process

Admissions in these courses of ophthalmologic are based on medical entrance examination. Many institutions and colleges offers admission on the basis of national level or state level examinations like NEET (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test), AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Science), etc. While some other universities organize their own entrance test for admissions.

Ophthalmology entrance exams in India,

List of Entrance Exams in Ophthalmology

  • AMU Entrance Exam
  • AIIMS Entrance Exam
  • AIIOS Entrance Exam
  • AIMSRC Entrance Exam
  • BFUHS Entrance Exam
  • Bangalore University Entrance Exam
  • Baraktullah University Entrance Exam
  • BLSO Entrance Exam
  • Bharathiyar University Entrance Exam
  • BVU: College of Optometry Entrance Exam
  • University of Andhra Entrance Exam
  • University of Calicut Entrance Exam
  • University of Lucknow Entrance Exam
  • University of Rajasthan Entrance Exam
  • West Bengal University of Health Sciences

Diploma in Ophthalmology: Syllabus and Course Description

A year-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated here.

Semester ISemester II
Applied Basic Sciences in OphthalmologyClinical Ophthalmology including Refraction
Anatomy and Physiology a) Anatomy of the eye and ocular adnexa b) Embryology of the eye and adnexa c) The visual pathways d) Anatomy and Physiology of motor mechanism e) Physiology of vision, colour vision, accommodation f) Binocular vision and its development g) Maintenance of intra ocular pressure h) The Neurology of vision (Visual pathway, papillary pathways and reaction) dark Adaptation. i) Optics – elementary Physiological optics, optics of radioscopy and other dark Room procedures and ophthalmic equipments. j) Physiology of aqueous humour and its circulation and maintenance of intraocular Pressure. k) Maintenance of corneal transparency. l) Tear circulation m) Blood aqueous barrier.Recent Advances including investigative therapeutic procedure, Community Ophthalmology including national programme, rehabilitation of blind.
Pathology and Microbiology a) Pathology of ocular and adnexal lesions (Inflammatory, neoplastic, lens specification etc) b) Microbiology of common organism affecting the eye – Bacteria Staph. Strepto – pneumococci, gonococci diphtheria, Morax axenfield bacillus, AFB, Lepra bacilli, pseudomonas etc. c) Virus – Herpes Zoster, Simplex, adenovirus, trachoma etc. d) Parasites, protozoa and fungi casuing coular lesion e.g., toxoplasma amoebiasis, toxocariasis, treponema, cysticercus, hydatid, microfilaria aspergillus, penicillium, candida etc. -
Biochemistry a) Vitamin A and its metabolism b) Glucose metabolism c) Aqueous composition d) Biochemical aspects of cataract (Senile and diabetic) e) Thyroid function tests f) Tear film and its composition. -
Pharmacology Pharmacology of drugs used in Ophthalmology-- a) Autonomic drugs – Sympathomimetic, Sympatholytics, cholinergic,anticholinergic agents etc. b) Antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents used in ophthalmology c) Anti-inflammatory agent – steroid and non-steroidal agents d) Anti virals and antifungals used in ophthalmology e) Local anaesthetics f) Dyes used in ophthalmology – fluorescein, rose Bengal etc. g) Tear Substitutes h) Drugs used to reduce intra ocular pressure (systemic and topical agents) i) Ocular penetration of systemically administered drugs and topical agents. j) Anti-mitotic agents and immunosuppressives -
Optics -

Diploma in Ophthalmology: Career Prospects

There are several career options available for those who completed their ophthalmology degree.  Employment can be found in sectors such as hospitals undertaken by state and central government. In addition, Ophthalmologists and ophthalmic are hire by various hospitals, clinics and medical offices.

As an ophthalmologist, they are also eligible for doing jobs in private practices, while ophthalmic technologists are hired in medical centers. The chances of ophthalmic medical technicians are to working in the offices of physicians is most. The ophthalmic specialist may specialize in some area, like low-vision optics or ophthalmic surgical assisting, ophthalmic ultrasonography and ophthalmic photography.

As experienced and talented ophthalmologists, they can set up their own facility for more beneficial income. Applicants can likewise select as an educator or Lecturer by different schools or colleges. They can participate in armed force, aviation based armed forces or navy as an ophthalmologist.

Students can also take up research work with organizations such as ICMR. Most of the ophthalmologist prefer private sectors such as nursing home, private hospitals and clinics because of high remunerations available.

Those who have relevant experience of at least 4-5 years in ophthalmology can start their own private eye-clinic as well. A student can also begin his/her career in research or teaching area after completing postgraduate and/or PhD degree in any specialized field of ophthalmology.

There is massive requirement for Indian ophthalmologists in abroad mainly in USA, Australia, UK, Gulf countries.

Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful graduates/ postgraduates of the course are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

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