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Ph.D. in Biotechnology is a 3 to 5-year doctoral course. Minimum eligibility for pursuance of the course is the successful completion of post-graduation in Biotechnology, completed from a recognized university.

Some of the top institutes that offer the course in India are listed here:

  • Mount Carmel College, Bangalore
  • Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida
  • St. Xaviers College, Kolkata
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
  • Lovely Professional University, Punjab.

Admission to the course is based on the round of counselling conducted by various Ph.D. Biotechnology Colleges after the candidate’s qualification of a relevant entrance test, such as CSIR- UGC NET.

The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 50,000 to 4,00,000 for a span of 4 years. Successful graduates of the course can expect anything between INR 4 to 20,00,000 as annual salary in the industry, increasing with experience and skillset.

Such professionals are popularly hired in capacities such as:

  • Analytical chemist, Biomedical scientist, Healthcare scientist, clinical biotechnologist.
  • Clinical research associate, Forensic scientist, Physician’s associate.
  • Research scientist (Life sciences), Scientific laboratory technician, Toxicologist, etc.

Commonly, areas of employment for such professionals include:

  • Drug Manufacturing Companies, Public Health Entities, Blood Services.
  • Industrial Laboratories, Cancer research institutes, Research Departments.
  • Educational Institutes, Environmental Pollution Control, etc.

Top Colleges for Ph.D. (Biotechnology)

  • Ph.D. (Biotechnology) in Tamil Nadu
  • Ph.D. (Biotechnology) in Maharashtra
  • Ph.D. (Biotechnology) in Karnataka
  • Ph.D. (Biotechnology) in Uttar Pradesh
  • Ph.D. (Biotechnology) in Telangana

Ph.D. in Biotechnology: Course Highlights

Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course LevelPost-Graduate
Duration3 to 5 years
Examination TypeSemester System
EligibilityPost-graduation in Biotechnology
Admission ProcessBased on counselling after qualification of CSIR- UGC NET.
Course FeeINR 50,000 to 4,00,000
Average Starting SalaryINR 4 to 20,00,000 per annum
Top Recruiting CompaniesDrug Manufacturing Companies, Public Health Entities, Blood Services, Industrial Laboratories, Cancer research institutes, Research Departments, Educational Institutes, Environmental Pollution Control, Agriculture and fisheries, Forensic Science, Hospitals, Public Health Laboratories, Cosmetic Industries, etc.
Job PositionsAnalytical chemist, Biomedical scientist, Healthcare scientist, Clinical biotechnologist, Clinical research associate, Forensic scientist, Physician’s associate, Research scientist (Life sciences), Scientific laboratory technician, Toxicologist, among others.

Ph.D. in Biotechnology: What is it About?

The course involves an advanced, research-based study of the discipline of Life & Basic Sciences, and allied disciplines of microbiology, and related technology.

A biochemist’s role field of expertise can encompass a wide range of scientific topics, including stem cell research, genetic research, immunology, pharmacology, forensics, cancer research, environmental science, and food science. This interdisciplinary program aims at academically exploring biological processes (reproduction, aging, and genetics) in terms of their chemical identity for easier comprehension.

Biochemists study and assess the external environmental influences that hugely effect all living things. A biochemist’s research embraces a large field of study at both micro-levels (studying carbohydrates, enzymes and fats and their functions at the cellular level) and macro-levels (studying respiration, metabolism), and more or less everything else related to the living body’s biological processes.

Biotechnology plays an important role in a wide variety of areas. In industry, biotechnology is often a collaborative field. Biochemists typically work with professionals from various fields such as scientists, engineers, marketing and sales teams, legal professionals, and many such others.

Ph.D. in Biotechnology: Top Institutes 

Listed below are some of the top institutes in India that offer the course.

Name of InstituteCity Average Fees
Mount Carmel College, BangaloreBangalore-
Shiv Nadar UniversityGreater NoidaINR 2,96,000 
National Institute of Technology, SurathkalMangaloreINR 1,04,000 
Indian Institute of Technology, GandhinagarAhmedabadINR 4,55,000 
Indian Institute of Technology, HyderabadTelanganaINR 3,34,000
Lovely Professional UniversityPunjabINR 39,500 
IIT DelhiDelhiINR 3,50,000 
NIT, SilcharSilcharINR 17,620 
Jaipur National UniversityJaipurINR 57,150 
DIT UniversityDehradunINR 75,800 
Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of TechnologySuratINR 1,27,000 
Periyar Maniammai UniversityThanjavurINR 40,500 
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Subharti Medical CollegeMeerutINR 1,30,000 
Amity UniversityJaipurINR 40,000 
Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Arts & ScienceCoimbatoreINR 18,000 
St. Xaviers CollegeKolkataINR 29,500
IFTM UniversityMoradabadINR 40,000 
Santosh UniversityGaziabadINR 3,00,000 
Sharda UniversityNoidaINR 10,00,000 

Ph.D. in Biotechnology: Eligibility 

Listed below are the minimum criteria which candidates interested in pursuing the course are required to fulfil, in order to be eligible to apply for the course.

  • Post-graduation in Biology/ Biotechnology, from a recognized institute.


      M.Sc. in disciplines consistent with the research areas of the department.

  • M.Tech. or equivalent degree in Biotechnology or other interdisciplinary areas.
  • A minimum aggregate score of 55% (50% for SC/ST/OBC candidates) at the level of post-graduation.

Ph.D. in Biotechnology: Admission Process

In India universities have rights to set their own procedure and standards for admission to Ph.D. programs. But the set of requirements for the application are similar. These include a compulsory research proposal, detailing the proposed outline of the candidate’s Ph.D. project, and explaining the methodology one plans to employ.

Most institutes offering the course admit students based on their performance in a relevant entrance test followed by a round of Personal Interview. Admission process generally varies across institutes.

However, candidates are mostly selected based on performance in the CSIR-UGC/ CSIR (JRF)/ NET/ GATE, etc. examinations, and subsequent rounds of Personal Interview.

Ph.D. in Biotechnology: Syllabus and Course Description

A paper-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated here.

Bio techniques, Computer Applications and Research Methodology
Molecular Biology: A general idea of recombinant DNA techniques, fundamental techniques of genetics, PCR & RT PCR, southern, western and northern blot, DNA & RNA sequence analysis.Bioinformatics & Biostatistics: Computational concept for analysis of large data sets, protein & nucleic acid, computational sequence analysis, drug protein and nucleic acid docking mechanisms. Protein and protein nucleic acid interactions. Protein array and protein chips.
Measure of central tendency, dispersion and variability. Correlation coefficient, probability theory. ANOVA one way and two-way classification.
Protein Biotechnology: Spectroscopic methods, Fluorescence, circular Dichroism, and mass spectrometery.
Electrophoresis, PAGE, SDS PAGE. Electron microscopic techniques, SEM, TEM freeze fracture technique, Ultracentrifugation, sedimentation velocity, sedimentation coefficient, sub cellular fractionation. Experimental approach in the determination of protein sequence analysis.
Unit-IV Genomics: Genomics of prokaryotes & eukaryotes, functional genomics, pharmaco-genomics, pharmaco-genetics, system biology. Drug transport models. Immuno-electrophoresis & immunoblotting.
A course designed for each candidate related to the area of researchA critical review on the assigned subject of research.
A viva-voce examination on the review written by the candidate as well as areas related to the topic of research.A research-review before the committee

Ph.D. in Biotechnology: Career Prospects

Such professionals are gainfully employed across both public and private sectors. Popular areas of employment include:

  • Medical Instrument companies, Biotechnological industries, Food and Drink industries.
  • Research Companies and Laboratories, Sales and Marketing Firms, Chemical manufacturing companies, Health and Beauty Care, etc.

Related Ph.D. Biotechnology courses are:

  • Ph.D. Microbiology
  • Ph.D. Biochemistry
  • Ph.D. Botany

Read more about Ph.D. Courses

Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful postgraduates of the course are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

Job PositionJob DescriptionAverage Annual Pay Scale in INR
BiotechnologistA Biotechnologist’s techniques or activities vary depending on the employer or specialist area, but may include analysing samples from various sources to provide information on compounds or quantities of compounds present.2,98,326
Research ScientistResearch Scientists work in almost every area of science imaginable. They plan and carry out experiments and investigations in a range of areas, including geoscience, medical research, meteorology, and pharmacology.1,473,953
Clinical ScientistClinical scientists, often also referred to as Medical Scientists, work in hospitals, laboratories, research centers, institutes, universities, and clinics. Clinical Scientists work to advance knowledge in biomedical research, medicine, and the processes that drive and support living organisms, though they may also work to develop products, treatments, and medications based on such knowledge.
Typical duties of Clinical Scientists include devising and carrying out research and experiments, and supervising assistants and lab techs.
Also, they draft, implement, and evaluate guidelines, conduct tests, and perform many other duties, depending on their work environment and specific role.
Research AssistantResearch Assistant working across government or private laboratories, pharmaceutical companies, hospitals or facilities connected to the growing field of biotechnology.
Though jobs involving a high level of research will require an advanced degree, there are still many jobs at the assistant or technician level open to those with graduate degrees.
ChemistHe or she may develop products such as synthetic fibers, drugs and cosmetics.
Research chemists create and improve processes and products, such as cosmetics, electronics and drugs.
The results can also be used to improve current scientific developments or to further, enhance or re-evaluate current scientific theory. Research chemists utilize advanced lab equipment and computers to conduct their analyses.
Clinical Laboratory TechnologistClinical Laboratory Technologists use their backgrounds in biotechnology to conduct experiments on bacteria, viruses, and microorganisms.
Technologists may perform tests on levels of compounds in human blood, monitor growth of bacteria, or examine the effects of drugs on viruses.
Depending on the laboratory environment they are in, these professionals may be involved in a broad range of studies, or specialize in a specific field, such as bacteriology or virology.
Clinical Laboratory Technologists may find employment in government health agencies, drug manufacturing companies, or health care facilities.
Biotechnology ProfessorLab research and teaching jobs can also be found at universities and medical schools. University professors must balance their time between designing research, managing lab and teaching. Senior professors often have other administrative duties as well, such as acting as academic deans or department heads, designing department curricula and sitting on academic committees.
Tenure-track faculty positions at 4-year universities usually require a Ph.D. and several years of postdoctoral research experience. Lecturer positions at 4-year universities and tenure-track positions at 2-year colleges may only require a Master's degree. Faculty positions at medical schools usually require an M.D.
Medical Research ScientistResearch Scientists typically require either a Master's degree or Ph.D. in a subject like Biotechnology, Technology, Molecular Biology or Analytical Technology. Independent research positions could require a Ph.D., several years' worth of experience in a postdoctoral position, and a portfolio of published research.
A job involving clinical work where scientists interact with patients in a medical capacity requires professionals to hold a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), and a State license to practice medicine.
Positions bridging the gap between research and clinical medicine may require both an M.D. and a Ph.D.
Medical Biotechnology TechnicianTechnician positions are available in both research and clinical laboratories. Technicians in clinical labs can perform routine tests and sample analysis, then communicate the results to doctors.
In research laboratories, they perform simple experiments and sample preparation. Lab technicians can also operate and maintain lab equipment and may manage lab inventory.
A Medical Biotechnology Technician’s position generally requires a Bachelor's degree in Biology or a related field. Some employers accept an Associate's degree or certificate when accompanied by a relevant number of years of work experience, but advancement past a certain level of responsibility in this field is generally not possible without a 4-year degree.
Pharmaceutical Sales RepresentativePharmaceutical Sales Representatives combine their knowledge of medical drugs and treatments with their interpersonal skills to generate sales for pharmaceutical companies.
Sales Representatives typically are in charge of coordinating meetings with doctors and medical staff. These professionals travel to hospitals, health care facilities and pharmacies to present a product or treatment.
Sales Representatives generally have acquired product knowledge through employer or manufacturer-sponsored training courses.

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