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Ph.D. Geography or Doctor of Philosphy in Geography is a Doctorate Geography course. Geography is the study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these.

The eligibility criteria for Ph.D in Geography is master's degree or equivalent in any disciplines with at least 55% marks in the aggregate (50% in case of SC/ST applicants).

Top Institutes offering Ph.D. in Geography are:

  • Jadavpur University
  • Presidency College, Chennai
  • Jamia Millia Islamia University

Such postgraduates are hired in capacities such as Content Editor – Geography, Geo Digital Strategist, Teacher & Lecturer - Geography and Biology, Assistant Professor – Geography, Specialist - Geo Engineering Solutions, Geo Web Metrics Specialist, Subject Matter Expert – Geography etc.

The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 2,000 and 5 Lacs, a doctorate employed in research institutes and govt. sectors get salary of Rs 8,000- Rs 15,000 per year depending upon their specialty and experience. In private organizations the remuneration is better with benefits likewise as medical allowances, house rent, etc.  Geographers as a teacher may get an amount of INR 10,000 - 25,000 every month.

Ph.D. in Geography: Course Highlights

Top Colleges for Ph.D. (Geography)

  • Ph.D. (Geography) in Tamil Nadu
  • Ph.D. (Geography) in Maharashtra
  • Ph.D. (Geography) in Uttar Pradesh
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Arts in Delhi-NCR
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Arts in Maharashtra
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Arts in Chennai

Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course LevelDoctorate
Duration3 years
Examination TypeSemester System
EligibilityPost Graduation in any stream
Admission Processbased on entrance test and direct interviews of the short-listed candidates.
Course FeeINR 2,000 to 5 Lacs
Average Starting SalaryINR 4 to 8 lacs per annum
Top Recruiting AreasBusinesses, Community, Social & Personal Service, Diplomacy, Publishing Houses, Geography Departments, Health & Social Work, Divinity, Hotels & Restaurants, Insurance Industry, Public Service, Research, Public Administration, Retail Sector Student Affairs, Teaching etc.
Job PositionsArchivist, Charities Administrator, Human Resources Specialist, Consultant, Diplomat, Ethics Advisor, Higher Education Teaching & Research, Clergy Person, Human Resources Officer, Insurance Underwriter, Social Worker, Information Management/Science, Survey Interviewer Teacher, Tutor & Lecturer etc.

Ph.D. in Geography: What is it about?

Geography is the study of the Earth - the land, topography, attributes, people and phenomena. Students usually under this degree prepare a thesis on any of these topics such as Environment and Ecology, Fundamentals of Remote Sensing and GIS, Contemporary Human Geography, Advanced Physical Geography, Political Geography, Agricultural Geography, Social Geography of India, Natural Resource Management, Urban Settlement System, Cultural Geography, Regional Development, Hydrology and Water Resource Management etc.

Candidates willing to know about nature and scope of cultural geography, environment and culture, scaling techniques, rank score, weighted score, and types of regions and methods of regional delineation are good suit for the course.

Applicants must have problem-solving skills like extracting relevant information, drawing conclusions and making logical recommendations.

They should be good communicator as they have to present findings and explaining complex data, producing written technical and non-technical documents.

Other required skills are analytical skills such as analyzing research methods, data, conclusions and recommendations.

Top Institutes offering Ph.D. in Geography

Listed below are some of the top institutes in India that offer the course.

Name of InstituteCity Average Fees
Jadavpur UniversityKolkataINR 8,000
Barkatullah UniversityBhopalINR 7,000
Presidency College, ChennaiChennaiINR 2,215
Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur UniversityNagpurINR 29,833
Banasthali UniversityJaipurINR 87,500
Mahatma Gandhi Kashi VidyapithVaranasiINR 15,000
Jamia Millia Islamia UniversityNew DelhiINR 13,870
Maharshi Dayanand UniversityRohtakINR 1,409
University Of CalcuttaKolkataINR 3,395
Institute Of Advanced Studies In EducationSardarshahrINR 46,000
University Of MumbaiMumbaiINR 1,931
Bharati Vidyapeeth UniversityPuneINR 30,000
Savitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneINR 6,000
Utkal UniversityBhubaneswarINR 14,800
Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiINR 3,806
Nims UniversityJaipurINR 1,05,000
Chaudhary Charan Singh UniversityMeerutINR 5,415
Aligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhINR 9,285
Dr. C.V. Raman UniversityBilaspurINR 34,000
Jiwaji UniversityGwaliorINR 10,733
University Of MysoreMysoreINR 31,583
Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal UniversityGarhwalINR 8,227

Ph.D. in Geography: Eligibility

The qualification criteria for seeking after a graduate degree are holding a bachelor degree in respective subjects.  The term for this course is 3 years.

 Ph.D. in Geography: Admission Process

The application procedures will be different for different Universities. There will be online mode and offline mode of application in most of the Universities. Applicants can contact the official address of the University, which they wish to study the course for procuring PhD entrance exam form along with prospectus. After correctly filling the forms, applicants have to send it to the University official address prior to the last date. They must also attach pertinent credentials mentioned in the brochure along with the forms.

Candidates are required to appear for the Admission Selection Process comprised of:

  • Written Entrance Exam.
  • Personal Interview

The selection of the hopefuls will be based on the performance in the Admission Selection Process.

List of PhD Entrance Exams

  • UGC NET exam
  • Symbiosis PhD Entrance Examination
  • AIMA PhD Entrance Exam
  • JNU PhD Entrance Exam

Ph.D. in Geography: Syllabus and Course Description

A semester-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated here.

Year IYear II
Unit IUnit V
GeomorphologyPopulation Geography
Unit IISettlement Geography
ClimatologyUnit VI
Unit IIIEconomic Geography
OceanographyAgricultural Geography
Bio-GeographyIndustrial Geography
Unit IVGeography of Transport and Trade
History of Geographic ThoughtUnit VII
Year IIIPolitical Geography
Unit IXSocial Geography
Geography of IndiaCultural Geography
Unit XUnit VIII
CartographyRegional Planning
Statistical Methods -
Unit XI -
Research -

Ph.D. in Geography: Career Prospects

Ph.D. in Geography gives numerous career opportunities to the hopefuls who are expressively interested in learning a lot of different features of the planet.  Geographers are put in various associations in the part of demographers, farming authorities, urban and provincial organizers and remote sensing specialist, and so forth. They can also work in research and government sectors.

Geographers can also seek placement in research agencies such as environmental issues, population studies and rural development. Teaching profession can be undertaken in universities, colleges and schools for those who are geographers. Post- graduate students can also start their own coaching institutes.

Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful graduates/ postgraduates of the course are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

Job PositionJob DescriptionAverage Annual Pay Scale in INR
Geo Digital StrategistA Geo strategist is a person who is in charge regarding the definition and execution of a procedure. Technique for the most part includes setting goals, deciding activities to accomplish the objectives, and mobilizing resources to execute the activities.594,935
Subject -matter expertSubject Matter Expert is a guy who is an expert in a specific zone or point. The term SME is much of the time utilized as a part of master system software development, and there the term dependably alludes to the area other than the software domain.604,996
TeacherTeachers make lesson arranges and instruct those arrangements to the whole class, separately to understudies or in little gatherings, track understudy advance and present the data to guardians, make tests, make and fortify classroom rules, work with school organization get ready understudies for state sanctioned tests, and oversee understudies outside the classroom.301,462
ProfessorProfessor Teach courses in their branch of knowledge. Work with understudies who are examining for a degree or an endorsement or accreditation or are taking classes to enhance their insight or vocation aptitudes.913,657
Content EditorContent Editors are in charge of all parts of substance, which incorporates improvement, outline, creation, introduction, assessment and investigation, to give some examples. They will utilize information and criticism from clients to help assess and improve the estimation of an arrangement of composed materials and sites.372,593

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