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Doctor of Law or LLD is an advanced degree in law of 3-year duration which involves an exploration of language-based learning disabilities, including the many inherent characteristics, psychological,developmental, linguistic and cultural correlates. Candidates need to pass Master of Law successfully in order to be eligible to apply for LLD course. 

The curriculum involves a study of areas of receptive and expressive language, (including speaking, listening, reading & writing modalities), cognitive aspects of communication (attention, memory, sequencing, problem solving and executive functioning), and social aspects of communication (challenging behavior, ineffective social skills, lack of communication opportunities.

The curriculum is designed to train eligible candidates in effective intervention strategies, and interaction and personal qualities needed to collaborate with students, families and other professional colleagues to provide the most appropriate model of service delivery for children and adolescents with LLD.

Admission to LLD program is generally done on the basis of merit obtained in various entrance exams followed by a round of Personal Interview in some institutes. Some such entrance exams conducted for the course vary from institution to institution. Some of the top institutes which offer the course include:

  • National Law School of India University
  • National Law University
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • Chanakya National Law University

Corporate Firms, Law Institutions, Legal Consultancy, Law Enforcement Agencies, Courts or Judiciary are some of the top recruiting areas for those pursuing LLD course. The average salary offered to successful postgraduates of the course ranges between INR 40,000 and 90,000 monthly.

Top Colleges for Doctor of Laws [LL.D.]

  • LLD in Delhi-NCR
  • LLD in Maharashtra
  • LLD in Chennai
  • LLD in Uttar Pradesh
  • LLD in Telangana

LLD: Course Highlights

Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course NameDoctor of Law
Course LevelDoctorate Degree
Duration3 years
Examination TypeSemester System
Admission ProcessMerit obtained at the level of LLM, entrance tests and interviews in case of some institutes
Average Course FeeINR 5K to 5 Lacs
Average Starting SalaryINR 4 to 20 Lacs
Top Recruiting AreasCorporate Firms, Law Institutions, Legal Consultancy, Law Enforcement Agencies, Courts or Judiciary

Top Institutes Offering LLD  

The average tuition fee charged in India for the course ranges between INR 5,000 (government institutes) to 5 lacs (private institutes).

Listed below are some of the renowned institutes in India that offer LLD:

College NameCollege/InstituteAverage Annual Fees in INR
National Law School of India UniversityBangalore68,333
National Law UniversityNew Delhi65,833
Chanakya National Law UniversityPatna38,000
Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasi1,700
National Law UniversityJodhpur65.8K
Karnataka State Law UniversityHubli5.81K
Mats UniversityRaipur1.2 lacs
Srinivas UniversityMangalore85K
Mats School of LawRaipur1.2 lacs

Eligibility for LLD   

Listed below are the basic minimum criteria of eligibility needed to be fulfilled for admission to the course.

  • A 4 to 5- year long LLM completed from a recognized university
  • Minimum aggregate score of 50% at the level of LLM
  • An LLB completed from a recognized university
  • Minimum aggregate score of 50% in LLB

LLD: Admission Process                      

Admission to the course is done in 2 stages:

  1. Entrance Test (involving components of assessment such as Research Methodology, and a research proposal- specific paper)
  2. Personal Interview (involving assessment of fitness, work experience, publications and statement of purpose)

Subsequently, qualifying candidates are required to submit a research proposal of about 10 to 12 pages. The research proposal needs to contain the title, a statement of purpose and background information on the subject, hypothesis and methodology, a research design. The research proposal for inter-disciplinary research ought to have components which have a bearing on legal theory, review and reform.

Applicants are selected based on their research proposal and the report put together by the board of the PG Council.

LLD: Syllabus and Course Structure

A semester- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is given here.

Course 1Course 2
Research MethodologyConstitutional Law (Part A) and Jurisprudence (Part B)
Nature of Research – An IntroductionPart A
What is ResearchConstitutional Law
Relevance of Legal ResearchPreamble
Objective of Legal ResearchFundamental Rights and Duties
Need for Legal Research and Importance of inter-disciplinary approachDirective Principles of State Policy
Significance of Legal Research in IndiaJudiciary
Legal Research as a profession in IndiaExecutive
Types of ResearchUnion State Legislative Relations
Doctrinal or Traditional ResearchEmergency Provisions
Non-doctrinal or Empirical ResearchAmendment to the Constitution of India
Descriptive and Analytical ResearchWrit Jurisdiction
Applied and Fundamental ResearchPart B
Qualitative and Quantitative ResearchJurisprudence
Law Reform ResearchNature and Source of Law
Historical Research.Positivism, Natural Law Theory, Sociological Jurisprudence
Sociological ResearchRights and Duties
Research ProcessesConcepts of Possession and Ownership
Identification of Research ProblemsJudicial Process and Social Transformation
Review of LiteratureJudicial Activism
Selection of a Research ProblemSocial Justice
Formulation of a HypothesisEmpowerment of women
Research DesignCourse 3
HypothesisSeminars/Presentations in the areas of Specialization (Optional)
Methods of Investigation and tools for collection of dataOptions for areas of Specialization 
Primary Data methodPublic International Law
Experimental and Participatory/ Scientific MethodLaw of Contracts: General Principles
Case Study MethodLaw of Torts
Survey MethodLaw of Crimes: General principles
Discussion MethodEnvironmental Law
Observation MethodCyber Law
Interview MethodIPR
Mail Survey MethodFamily Law
Questionnaire (Open ended and Close ended)Human Rights
Pilot Study MethodBusiness Law
Secondary Data MethodAny other area/ topic as per the requirement
Case Law Method
Cumulative Record Cards
Tabulation and Evaluation of Data
Advantages and Limitations of Sampling
Theoretical basis of Sampling
Probability and Non- Probability Sampling
Classifications of sampling
Simple Random Sampling
Stratified Sampling
Cluster Sampling
Systematic Sampling
Non- random sampling
Purposive Sampling
Convenience Sampling
Judgment Sampling
Sampling and Non- Sampling Error
Analysis and Interpretation of Data
Application of Content Analysis in Legal Research
Analysis of aggregate Data
Data Interpretation
Legal input Analysis, the ideal and the practicable
Data Processing- Summarizing of data, Codification and Tabulation
Writing a Research Report- Types, Contents and steps involved in drafting of a Report
Scientific Tools in Research
Use of SPSS and other packages in Legal research
Avoiding/Detecting plagiarism
Writing the research report/Bibliography/Presentation styles

LLD: Career Prospects

LLD offers useful preparation for several different careers. The first of these is academic work, such as in academic journals, doctrinal examination, observational research, and other options are NGOs, government organizations, doctrinal or empirical research etc.

Some of the popular professional avenues open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions. 

Job TitleJob DescriptionAverage Annual Salary in INR
Law ProfessorLaw Professors are former lawyers that are involved in the career of teaching prospective advocates of justice.11,50,000 - 45,60,000
Legal ResearcherLegal Researchers conduct research in aspects of law, in support of an organization or individual, involving the express purpose of advancing learning in a specific zone of law.9,80,005 - 23,40,000
JudgeJudges review authentic briefs, conflicts and evidence presented by the obstruction and the arraignment (criminal law cases) of all kinds of cases. They offer assistance and to juries and direct them in their commitments and obligations.12,00,000 - 34,00,000

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