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M.Phil in Sociology is a master of philosophy course in Sociology which is also a preparatory course for Ph.D. This course is about the study of human society; its development, structure and functioning. A candidate has to be a Master of Sociologygraduate from a recognised university in order to be eligible for this course. 

M.Phil. in Sociology is a one year program that has most of the syllabus dedicated to personal research of the student. The course follows a semester system over annual system. The mode of admission is solely through Entrance Examination which is either conducted by a state, university, national level followed by a Personal Interview.

Since there is a large quantity of colleges both private and government the average tuition fee tends to vary. However, at an average, the fees for the entire course would range from 30 Thousand INR to 50 Thousand INR. 

Students with an M.Phil in Sociology degree can find employment in Universities, Colleges, Schools, public health and welfare organisation, NGO’s and Social Services. In these sectors they can work as School teacher, Research Assistant, Social Worker, lecturer etc. A fresh graduate of this course can expect an average annual salary of 1.5 Lakh INR to 3 Lakh INR. This salary would only increase with experience.


This course usually follows the Semester system over annual mode and hence is divided into two semesters. In some colleges, the duration also extends to three semesters.   

If done through correspondence or distant learning, the duration of the course is from 1 ½ years at minimum and 4 years at maximum.

Top Colleges for M.Phil. (Sociology)

  • M.Phil. (Sociology) in Gujarat
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Arts in Delhi-NCR
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Arts in Maharashtra
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Arts in Chennai
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Arts in Uttar Pradesh
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Arts in Telangana

About the Course

M.Phil. in Sociology is a research course in Human Society. The course provides a platform for students to carry out research in the study of human society; its development, functioning and structure. Sociology as a subject includes many diverse topics relating to Humans and their society. Topics like crime, religion, family, state, division of race, social class, culture, social stability, radical change etc. 

Where to study?

M.Phil in Sociology is a course which is available in many Colleges and Universities offering Arts and Humanities courses. Some of the Top colleges for M.Phil in Sociology are as follows:

Name of College


University of Delhi

New Delhi

Jawaharlal Nehru University

New Delhi

Himachal Pradesh University

Himachal Pradesh

Assam University


Banasthali University


South Asian University

New Delhi

University of Madras

Tamil Nadu

Academic Options after this course

After completing this course, interested students can further continue research in Sociology pursuing a Ph.D in Sociology from which are available at many top universities in India, such as University of Delhi, Jawaharlal Nehru University, South Asian University, IGNOU etc.  

Eligibility Of the M.Phil. (Sociology)

To be eligible for this course, the candidate has to be a Master of Sociology/ Social Studies/ History graduate from a recognised College in India with a minimum of 50% to 55% marks. 

How to Get Admission in M.Phil. (Sociology)

Admission to the course is entirely on the basis of an Entrance Exam. Since, various colleges conduct different Entrance Examinations or follow the state or national level common entrance examination, it is important to keep a track of these different Entrance Exams.

Some of the important Entrance Exams for M.Phil in Sociology is as follows:

  • BUET: Banasthali University conducts an aptitude test for entrance to M.Phil Sociology. Application forms for this are available in the month of April and the exam is held in June.
  • JNUEE: The Centre for study of Social Systems of JNU conducts an Entrance Exam. Application forms for this are available in the month of April and the exam is conducted in the month of May.

DUET: Department of Sociology of Delhi University conducts examination for entrance to M.Phil Sociology programme. Application forms are available in the month of June whereas the Entrance Exam and personal interview takes place in the month of August.  

Entrance Exam

The above mentioned entrance exams would include 100 subjective questions. The time allowed for the exam is 3 hours and the paper is of 100 marks. The paper consists of no Negative marking.

The syllabus for the entrance exam is usually the syllabus followed in Master of Sociology. However few of the topics are as follows:

  • Sociological Theories
  • Sociology of Kinship
  • Religion and Society
  • Political Sociology
  • Economic Sociology
  • Sociology of India
  • Methods of Sociological Research
  • Social Stratification
  • Sociology of Development
  • Gender and Society
  • Population and Society

Selection Process

Students will entirely be assessed on their academic merit for the admission to the program. To determine this academic merit, many universities and colleges might either take into account the score obtained in the state/ university/ national common entrance exam. They might also regard the performance of the candidate in the entrance exam and the marks obtained in the M.A. Sociology degree as the final evaluation for admission to the program.

The Entrance exam is followed by a personal interview where a candidate’s communication ability as well as grip on the subject is tested.

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