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PhD Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry is a higher grade academic program in the domain of agricultural sciences with a specialization in soil science and application of Chemistry’s principle in the agricultural context. As a doctorate-level academic certification course, it is pursued by those candidates who have completed their M.Phil. or equivalent education. The duration of the course is three years (extendable up to 5 years in some cases) and the minimum eligibility criterion for admission is 55% marks at M.Phil. or equivalent level in the respective domain.

Admissions to the course are done on the basis of percentage of marks obtained by the candidates at M.Phil. or equivalent level. Apart from merit-based process certain colleges/universities provide admissions based on the score of some popular entrance exam for PhD like

  • ICAR Entrance Exam
  • BHU Entrance Test
  • Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Entrance Exam

Those who are looking for funding or fellowship for the course have to fulfil the required eligibility criteria (along with clearing of a respective exam for that purpose) in order to receive the grants. The course imparts knowledge and skills to the students about the subject of study so that they can take on research activities in the practical domain with ease.

Some of the popular colleges/universities offering the course are:

  • Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya
  • Birsa Agricultural University
  • CSK Agricultural Vishvavidyalaya
  • College of Postgraduate Studies
  • Indian Institute of Spices Research
  • Kerala Agricultural University
  • National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology
  • Rajendra Agricultural University
  • RVS Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya
  • SVBP University of Agriculture and Technology

The average annual fee for the course ranges from INR 15,000 to 3 Lacs across various colleges and universities in the country that are offering the course. The variation in the fee is based on the location and type of university that is private/deemed or government.

A doctorate degree holder in the area of Soil Sciences and Agriculture Chemistry has a variety of options to choose from in terms of his/her career. He/she can make a start with firms/areas such as soil research centers, Agriculture universities, Animal husbandry, Horticulture, Plant taxonomy etc. The students are well-equipped with the knowledge and application of the subject and are thus suitable for undertaking various roles at practical and industrial level.A fresher can expect a starting salary of anywhere between INR 18,000 to INR 22,000 per month.

Top Colleges for Ph.D. (Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry)

  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Delhi-NCR
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Maharashtra
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Chennai
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Uttar Pradesh
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Telangana

PhD in Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry: Course Highlights

Course TypeDoctorate
Concerned AreaAgricultural Science
Duration of Course3-5 Years
Admission processEntrance Test based/Merit-based (Based on M.Phil. or equivalent percentage)
Structure of CourseSemester-Wise/Yearly exam based
EligibilityM.Phil. or equivalent from any college/university with a minimum of 55% (relaxable for reserved category candidates) marks.
Top recruiting areassoil research centers, Agriculture universities, Animal husbandry, Horticulture, Plant taxonomy
Job ProfilesFlorist, Horticulture consultant, Husbandry manager, Soil Scientist, Plant breeder etc.
Course FeeINR 15,000 to INR 3 Lacs
Average starting salaryINR 18,000 to INR 22,000

PhD in Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry: What is it about?

Soil Science as an area of study focuses on the analysis, study, and research of nutrient profile of the soil so as to attain enhanced productivity and efficiency from the soil. As a sub-domain of agricultural science, it is aligned towards the study of enhancement of agricultural productivity through the mechanism of soil enrichment.

As an academic program offered at the doctorate level, the course is aimed at delivering holistic research-based domain specific skill and knowledge to the students so that they can contribute in a sustainable manner. Through theoretical analysis and practical research the course achieves its designated goal and in meanwhile transforms the students into a subject specialist.

Top Institutes Offering PhD in Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry

Colleges/Universities across the country offer PhD in Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry as a doctorate level course to candidates who have passed their M.Phil. or equivalent education from a recognized state or central University.

Students can take admission in the course either through Common Entrance Test conducted by colleges/Universities or by applying to the various institutes offering this course based on their performance at the M.Phil. or equivalent level.

For your reference, we have tabulated a list of various colleges/universities that are offering this course in India.

Name of the InstituteCityAverage Annual Fees
Uttar Banga Krishi VishwavidyalayaCooch BeharINR 8,000
Birsa Agricultural UniversityRanchiINR 14,967
CSK Agricultural VishvavidyalayaPalampurINR 45, 500
College of Postgraduate StudiesShillongINR 5, 725
Indian Institute of Spices ResearchCalicutINR 25, 465
Kerala Agricultural UniversityThrissurINR 20,500
National Research Centre on Plant BiotechnologyNew DelhiINR 15,500
Rajendra Agricultural UniversityPusaINR 15,200
RVS Krishi Vishwa VidyalayaGwaliorINR 38,733
SVBP University of Agriculture and TechnologyMeerutINR 75,500

Interested candidates can apply for admission to the above-mentioned universities and colleges. One can also search for an option in face of institutes offering the course in their local region/region or distance learning option in case he/she is not willing to relocate for the purpose of their doctorate.

Eligibility Criteria for PhD in Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry

Interested candidates for the course must fulfil some of the basic eligibility normas and the same have been mentioned below.

  • Candidates must have passed their M.Phil. or equivalent level examination from a recognized state/private/deemed or central University.
  • He/she must have obtained at least 55% (45% to 50% for reserved category candidates) of the marks at M.Phil or equivalent level in the respective domain of study.
  • He/She shall not be having any backlog or compartment in any of the subject/subjects at M.Phil or equivalent level that is yet to be cleared at the time of taking admissions.
  • Apart from the above-mentioned eligibility criteria’s various colleges and institutes may have their own additional criteria’s which the students would have to satisfy in order to take admission (Like work or research experience in the domain).
  • In case of reserved category students, they would have to present their reservation certificates issued by the competent authorities in order to avail the benefits applicable to them.
  • Certain Institutes grant admissions through Common Entrance Test (CET) like ICAR entrance exam. To get admission in these institutes candidates would have to qualify the respective entrance exam by securing minimum qualifying marks.

The eligibility criteria mentioned above are common to most of the universities and colleges across the country that are offering this course to the students.

PhD in Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry: Admission Process

  • Students who have passed their M.Phil. or equivalent level examinations with a minimum of 55% marks (45% to 50% for reserved category students) can make application in colleges offering the course.
  • Most Universities or colleges offer admission based on the score of CET (like ICAR) or conduct their own entrance test (like AGRICET) for admission into Ph.D. courses hence students would have to make an application for such exams.
  • Students have to qualify these exams (for which they should be eligible to appear) in order to get admission in the course.
  • After the conduct of the test, a merit list of finally qualified candidates is prepared and candidates are invited for admission process by the respective university or college.
  • After preparation of final merit list, the process of final allotment of seats to the candidate takes place and the candidate is asked to deposit the fee for the course and register for the respective academic year.
  • The new academic year begins after the completion of all the above processes.

PhD in Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry: Syllabus and Course description

The course has a variable time duration of 3 to 5 year and the syllabus is divided into various domain related subject and practical/research modules. The detailed description of the syllabus is tabled below for your reference.

Subject/domain of study
Physics of Soil
Soil Biochemistry
Mineralogy, survey and soil classification
Principles of research in soil science
Soil erosion, management, and conservation
Environment and Soil pollution
Presentation and Report
Field research/training
Thesis report and Seminar

PhD in Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry: Who Should Opt?

Interested aspirants for the course would possess the following:

  • Students who have a career in the domain of soil and related studies in mind
  • Those who have an academic background in the domain
  • Those who are looking for a career as a soil scientist
  • Those looking at a career as a researcher

PhD in Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry: Career Prospects

Doctorates in Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry students have plenty of options to choose from in terms of their career. One can choose to work as Florist, Horticulture consultant, Husbandry manager, Soil Scientist, Plant breeder etc.

To provide you a holistic view of the career prospects of the course we have tabled certain areas and the respective roles attached to the same where Ph.D. holders in the respective domain can look for in terms of their career.

Area/DomainRoleAverage Salary for Fresher’s
FloristA florist is the one who is involved in the aesthetic use of plants for decoration along with playing a crucial role in flower growth and development cycle.INR 2.35-2.55 Lacs
Husbandry ManagerThe job involves management of animal husbandry unit/structure as a part of composite agriculture development process.INR 2.24- 2.58 Lacs
Agricultural ConsultantThe job of Agricultural Consultants involve tendering optimum advice in regards to sowing and management of crops to farmers, farm managers, and agro-processing industries.INR 3.38 – 3.70 Lacs
Soil ScientistTheir job involves research and development in regard to soil’s nutrient profile enrichment.INR 2.54-3.16 Lacs
ResearcherIt is an analysis and practice based job which involves one to take on academic assignments as well as practical outing as a part of R&D process.INR 3.66- 3.92 Lacs

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