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M.Sc. in Genetics and Plant breeding is a 2-year postgraduate course, sub-divided into 4 semesters, of 6 months each. The course is an advanced study of:

  • Methods of improvement of crops and plants by inserting desirable traits to them
  • application of genetics in conserving the environment while addressing the growing need for food security.

The basic qualification required for pursuance of the course is B.Sc. in a relevant discipline, completed from a recognized university. In India, the average annual fee charged for the course ranges between INR 2 and 6 lacs, varying across institutes.

Admission to the course is offered based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance test, followed by a round of counseling.

The course’s curriculum integrates theoretical and practical components of the study.

Successful postgraduates of the course are hired in fields such as:

  • Plant Breeding Centers
  • Agriculture Sector
  • Nurseries
  • Agriculture Ministry
  • Crop Plantation Facilities
  • Colleges & universities, and such others.

The average initial annual salary offered to such postgraduates ranges between INR 3 and 10 Lacs, increasing with the candidate’s experience and expertise in the field.

Top Colleges for Master of Science [M.Sc] (Genetics and Plant Breeding)

  • Master of Science [M.Sc] (Genetics and Plant Breeding) in Rajasthan
  • M.Sc (Agriculture) in Delhi-NCR
  • M.Sc (Agriculture) in Maharashtra
  • M.Sc (Agriculture) in Chennai
  • M.Sc (Agriculture) in Uttar Pradesh
  • M.Sc (Agriculture) in Telangana

M.Sc. in Genetics & Plant Breeding: Course Highlights

Tabulated below are the major highlights of the course.

Course LevelPostgraduate
Duration2 Years
Basic EligibilityGraduation (B.Sc.) completed from a recognized university.
Admission ProcessMerit-based/ Based on counseling after qualification of entrance exam.
Examination TypeSemester System
Major Entrance ExamsIIT JAM, NIPER JEE, PGIMER Chandigarh, DAVV, Admission Non-CET, Calcutta University M. Sc. Admission, NIT Admission Test, etc.
Total Course FeeINR 2 to 6 Lacs
Top Recruiting Fields/ AreasColleges & universities, agriculture sector, nurseries, plant breeding centers, plantation crop plants, agriculture ministries, research laboratories, crop research directorates, etc.
Job PositionsPlant Breeder, Agronomist, Corn Breeder, Cotton Agronomist, Research Associate, Senior Research Fellow, Launch and Support Specialist, Application Support Specialist, Programmer Analyst, Conversion Centre Manager, and such.
Average Initial SalaryINR 3 to 10 Lacs

M.Sc. in Genetics and Plant Breeding: What is it About?

Genetics and Plant Breeding is a new and flourishing branch of Modern Biology, which is:

  • the application of Molecular Biology to insert desirable traits into plants.

  • selecting the best-quality plants in any given field, growing them to full seed and then using that seed to grow further generations
  • the scientific mechanism of transforming the genetic composition of plants over time, for biological and commercial purposes.

Successful postgraduates of the course interested in pursuing further studies in the discipline may pursue Ph.D., M. Phil., or higher research in the subject.

  • Genetics and Plant Breeding is primarily about:
  • the various technologies and ways to improve varieties and genetic stocks.
  • transforming the genetic make-up of plants for better grain quality, yielding ability, and resistance to insect pests and diseases.
  • maintaining and evaluating the diversity of genetic stock.
  • innovative scientific ways of developing special uses for a variety of species, such as soybean with improved seed composition for food use, corn with high and low protein or oil contents, etc.
  • producing improved cultivars and novel germplasms
  • creating innovative breeding technologies for positively impacting the production of food, feed, and fiber.

Top Institutes offering M.Sc. in Genetics and Plant Breeding

Mentioned below are the names of some of the top institutes and colleges in the country offering a Master’s degree in Genetics & Plant Breeding, along with their corresponding locations and average annual fees charged by each.



Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiINR 7,275 (course)
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU)CoimbatoreINR 16,700 (course)
SRI Ramachandra UniversityChennaiINR 66,667 (course)
Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU)HyderabadINR 10,920 (course)
Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (IPGMER)KolkataINR 12,500 (course)
Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)New DelhiINR 364 (course)
Punjab Agricultural University (PAU)LudhianaINR 12,876 (course)
Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute (IASRI)New DelhiINR 6,750 (course)
Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI)BareillyINR 9,075 (course)
National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI)KarnalNot Mentioned
Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and TechnologyPantnagarINR 33,424 (course)
Manipal University (MU)ManipalINR 99,500 (course)
University of CalcuttaKolkataINR 7,058 (course)
Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture Technology and Sciences (SHIATS)AllahabadINR 40,000 (course)
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV)PuneINR 13,443 (course)
Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT)KochiINR 14,220 (course)
Hamdard Institute of Medical Science and Research (HIMSR)New DelhiINR 1,00,000 (course)
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural UniversitySamastipurINR 12,858 (course)

Eligibility for M.Sc. in Genetics and Plant Breeding

In order to pursue the course, interested eligible candidates are required to satisfy the following minimum eligibility criteria.

  • completed from a recognized institute.

  • A minimum aggregate score of 50% (45% for SC/ST/OBC candidates) at the level of graduation.
  • Graduation needs to have been completed in any of:
  • Agriculture
  • Horticulture
  • Forestry
  • Biology
  • Candidates awaiting their graduation examination’s results are also eligible to apply on provisional basis.
  • Preferably, a minimum of 12 months of professional experience, as most reputed institutes prefer candidates with work experience.

M.Sc. in Genetics and Plant Breeding: Admission Process

Most institutes in India offering the course admit students based on their performance in a relevant entrance test. Some institutes also admit students based on the candidate’s obtained merit at the level of graduation, while some conduct their own entrance tests for offering admission. Admission process generally varies across colleges.

Some such major entrance exams conducted in the country for admission to the course are as follows.

  • IIT JAM (Joint Admission Test)
  • NIPER JEE (Joint Entrance Exam)
  • PGIMER Chandigarh
  • DAVV Admission Non-CET
  • Calcutta University M. Sc. Admission
  • MJP Rohilkhand University Entrance Test
  • Central University of Gujarat Admission Test
  • DU (Delhi University) PG Admission Test
  • BIT MESRA Integrated Admission Test
  • BVP M. Sc. Entrance Exam
  • NIT Karnataka Admission Test

M.Sc. in Genetics and Plant Breeding: Syllabus and Course Description

A semester-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.

Semester I

Semester II

Mendelian GeneticsMolecular Genetics
Techniques in Cell BiologyCytogenetics
CytologyPlant Breeding
Elective 1Plant Biochemistry
-Elective 2

Semester III

Semester IV

Genetic EngineeringPopulation Genetics
Plant BiotechnologyDevelopment Genetics
Environmental GeneticsBiosystematics
Modern Methods in Crop GeneticsElective 4
Elective 3-
Elective 1Elective 2
BiophysicsPlant Tissue Culture
Applied PalynologyTransgenic Plants
Elective 3Elective 4
BiotechnologyPlant Cell Culture Technology

M.Sc. in Genetics and Plant Breeding: Career Prospects

Genetics and Plant Breeding is an emerging field and a lucrative career option, as it plays an important role in the progress of a nation, by contributing to elimination of starvation and improvement of food quality, by means of genetic modification.

Qualified Genetics and Plant Breeding professionals can find lucrative employment across both private and government sectors, in areas such as:

  • Colleges and universities
  • Agriculture Sector
  • Nurseries, Plant Breeding Centers
  • Plantation Crop Plants
  • Agriculture Ministry
  • Research Laboratories, Crop Research Directorates, and such.

Successful postgraduates of the course interested in pursuing further studies in the discipline may go for Ph. D. M. Phil., or further research in the subject.

Tabulated below are some of the popular professional avenues open to such postgraduates, along with the corresponding salaries and basic job responsibilities associated with each one of them.

Plant BreederPlant Breeders are responsible for improving existing plant species, creating new ones in order to improve appearance, resistance to disease, yield and other characteristics. Also, they keep records of research and findings. They may work in an academic, commercial, or research setting. INR 4 to 10 Lacs
AgronomistAgronomists professionally experiment with plantation modes and plan studies to improve crop yields. They study a farm's crop production to discern the best ways to plant, harvest, and cultivate plants, regardless of the climate.INR 3 to 8 Lacs
Research AssociateResearch Associates are responsible for monitoring the progress of research projects and for coordinating information between departmental sections. They perform highly specialized and advanced experiments, and collect, prepare, analyze, and evaluate specimens and/or tissue cultures. Additionally, they perform a wide and complex variety of test, assays, and studies.INR 3.5 to 9 Lacs
ProfessorProfessors’ responsibilities are divided between teaching, researching, and keeping up with current research activities in their areas of expertise. They may have one or more areas of expertise.INR 3 to 7 Lacs
LecturerLecturers are employed by universities and higher education establishments to undertake teaching and other administrative duties within a specialist subject area. They also encourage personal development via tutorial or pastoral work, invigilate examinations, etc.INR 3 to 6 Lacs
Cotton AgronomistCotton Agronomists professionally contribute to the development of the research methodologies and strategies, and estimate areas with cotton-growing potential by collecting data, and working on improvement of cotton varieties and production.INR 3 to 5 Lacs

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