M.Sc. in Soil Science is a 2-year postgraduate course, the minimum eligibility for admission to which is the successful completion of graduation (B.Sc.), with a minimum aggregate score of 55%, and 1 year of relevant experience.
The average tuition fee charged in India for the course ranges between INR 15,000 to 4 Lakhs, for a span of 2 years.
Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance test, such as SGI Pune Entrance Exam, followed by a round of counselling.
Such postgraduates are hired in capacities such as:
- Crop Consultant
- Wetland Specialist
- County Conservationist
- Crop Production Specialist
- Watershed Technician
- Hydrologist with Board of Health
- Environmental Technician
- State Soil and Water Quality Specialist
- Soil Conservationist
- County Agricultural
- Soil Scientist
- Research Technician
- Conservation Planner
- District Marketing Manager
- Research Scientist, etc.
Popular areas of employment include:
- Environmental assessment and land use
- Mining and oil & gas industries
- Research for government or educational institutions.
The average annual salary offered to such professionals in India ranges between INR 2 and 8 Lakhs, increasing with experience and skillset.
Top Colleges for Master of Science [M.Sc] (Soil Science)
- Master of Science [M.Sc] (Soil Science) in Uttar Pradesh
- M.Sc in Delhi-NCR
- M.Sc in Maharashtra
- M.Sc in Chennai
- M.Sc in Uttar Pradesh
- M.Sc in Telangana
M.Sc. in Soil Science: Course Highlights
Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||B.Sc. with minimum 55% aggregate marks and 1 year experience|
|Admission Process||Based on counselling after qualification of entrance tests like SGI Pune Entrance Exam, etc.|
|Course Fee||INR 15,000 to 4 Lakhs for 2 years|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 2 to 8 lacs per annum|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Agriculture, Forestry, Environmental assessment, Land use Mining, Oil & gas industries, Research for government or educational institutions, and such.|
|Job Positions||Crop Consultant, Wetland Specialist, County Conservationist, Crop Production Specialist, Watershed Technician, Hydrologist with Board of Health, Environmental Technician, State Soil And Water Quality Specialist, Soil Conservationist, Country Agricultural Soil Scientist, Research Technician, Conservation Planner, District Marketing Manager, Research Scientist, among others.|
M.Sc. in Soil Science: What is it About?
This 2-year long course is divided into 4 semesters, with each semester lasting a period of 6 months. M.Sc. in Soil Science focuses on topics such as:
- Plantation management
- Agricultural machinery
- Management aspects of Agriculture sector
Enrolled candidates are taught requisite skills in:
- concepts of science and biology to improve agricultural productivity.
- managerial aspects related to Soil Science.
Soil is a complex composite of minerals and organic matter that forms over the surface of land. Soil scientists typically:
- research and monitor the properties of soils.
- study soil’s physical attributes, biological composition and chemical makeup.
- use their findings to help solve a wide range of soil-management issues.
- determine the best crops to grow in a specific soil at a given place and time.
- work to replenish endangered ecosystems by finding ways to increase soil fertility.
- work for manufacturing companies, government agricultural departments and research laboratories.
Areas of research specialization in the discipline include:
- Sustainable nutrient management
- Soil resource mapping and interpretation
- Soil conservation
- Irrigation, drainage, water foo printing.
- Water quantity and quality
- Greenhouse gas mitigation.
- Nutrient cycling in crop and pasture systems.
Soil science is more than simply the study of soil. This discipline focuses on:
- improvement of soil conditions for agricultural management.
- conservation of natural resources.
Top Institutes offering M.Sc. in Soil Science
Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each.
|Name of Institute||City|| Average Fees|
|Dehradun||INR 65,000 (Course)|
|Himalayan University : Faculty of Agriculture and Horticulture||Itanagar||INR 35,000(Course)|
|School of Forestry and Environment : Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (SHIATS)||Allahabad||INR 1 lakh (Course)|
|College of Agriculture, Padanakkad||Kasargode||INR 40,790 (Course)|
|College of Agriculture, Vellayani||Thiruvananthapuram||INR 20,000 (Course)|
|University of Calcutta||Kolkata||INR 10,000 (Course)|
|UAS||Bangalore||INR 50,500 (Course)|
Eligibility for M.Sc. in Soil Science
Candidates aspiring for admission to the course are required to fulfill the following minimum eligibility criteria.
- Graduation completed from a recognized university.
- Preferably, graduation needs to have been completed in a relevant discipline, such as:
- B.Sc. in Soil science
- B.Sc. in Agriculture Horticulture.
- A minimum aggregate score of 55% (50% for SC/ST/OBC candidates) at the level of graduation.
- Candidates appearing for their final graduation-level examination are also eligible to apply for the course on provisional basis.
M.Sc. in Soil Science: Admission Process
Most institutes offering the course in India admit students based on their performance in a relevant entrance test, followed by a subsequent round of counselling.The round of counselling consists of two additional rounds of group discussion and personal interview, wherein the candidate’s general aptitude for the course is examined.
Some institutes conduct their own entrance tests for offering admission. Admission process generally varies across colleges.A few institutes also provide direct admission based on the candidate’s score at the level of graduation.
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M.Sc. in Soil Science: Syllabus and Course Description
A semester-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated here.
|Semester - 1||Semester - 2|
|Soil Erosion and Conservation|
- Soil Fertility and Fertilizer
|Soil Biology and Biochemistry|
|Geomorphology and Geochemistry|
- Soil, Mineralogy, Genesis
|Radioisotopes in Soil and Plants|
|Semester 3||Semester 4|
|Soil, Water and Air||Management of Problems in Soil and Water|
- Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques for Soil, Water and Crop Studies
- Fertilizer Technology and Land Degradation And Restoration
|Analytical Techniques and Instrumental Methods in Soil and Plant Analysis||Seminar|
- System Approaches in Soil and Crop Studies
M.Sc. in Soil Science: Career Prospects
Such postgraduates are hired for job roles such as:
- Horticulture Consultant
- Farm Manager
- Plant Geneticist
- Conservation Planner
- Landscape Professional
- Soil Technical Auditor
- Food Production Personnel.
Soil scientists play a key role in:
- exploring the earth’s land and water resources.
- guiding in challenging tasks such as land reclamation after mining.
Popular sectors of employment include:
- Environmental or resource management.
- Regional council.
- Agricultural industry.
- Soil conservation.
- Crop consultancies.
- Research techniques.
- Marketing management.
- Agricultural firms.
- Environment consultancies.
- Research establishments.
- Commercial and industrial enterprises.
- Higher education institutes.
Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful postgraduates of the course are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Pay Scale in INR|
|Soil Scientist||Soil Scientists are responsible for examining different types of soil from a diverse range of terrains and geographical locations in order to study their physical composition and chemical properties.||5,12,032|
|Agronomists||Agronomists develop complex data and information in serviceable formats for public consumption. Their goal is to work scientifically to produce the finest crops, on the most consistent basis that they can, in any situation.||7,78,705|
Soil Pedologists are the soil scientist who analyzes soil in its undisturbed, natural state in order to classify it and study its formation and morphology. Soil Pedologists sample and evaluate soil to develop methods of conserving environmental quality and find new ways to improve crops.
Individuals who are interested in preserving the environment and are not averse to working outdoors might enjoy this profession. When Soil Pedologists are not working in the field, they typically work in offices or laboratories, performing experiments and research.
Soil pedologists need communication, critical-thinking, observation, and analytical skills. They also need a working knowledge of specialized computer software, such as map creation and soil erosion modeling software, and the ability to use industry-specific tools, such as pH meters and photometers.
|Ecologist||Ecologists work for government agencies, environmental trusts, conservation charities, and research institutes.||3,92,705|
|Environmental Scientist||Environmental Scientist are scientists and specialists having a Bachelor's degree in Environmental Science or a science-related field, such as Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Geosciences, or engineering. They typically specialize in Biology, Chemistry, Geology, and Physics.||2,51344|
The major job responsibility of a Geologist is to study composition, structure, and history of the earth's crust. They examine rocks, minerals, and fossil remains to identify and determine the sequence of processes affecting the development of the earth.
They apply knowledge of Chemistry, Physics, Biology, and Mathematics to explain these phenomena and to help locate mineral deposits.
Hydrologists typically measure the properties of bodies of water, such as volume and stream flow.
They collect water and soil samples to test for certain properties, such as the pH or pollution levels. Also, they analyze data on the environmental impacts of pollution, erosion, drought, and other problems.
|Soil Conservation Technician|
Soil Conservation Technicians may also be known as Geophysical Data Technicians, Geological Technicians, or Geoscience Technicians. They collect soil samples, record readings, and monitor drilling activities. Soil Conservation Technicians often work in oil and gas extraction and other support activities for mining.
A technician in this line of work should be comfortable performing fieldwork as well as doing tasks in a laboratory or office. They generally work full-time, but sometimes stay in the field collecting data for extended periods.
|Agricultural Research Scientist|
Researchers in the field of agricultural science develop effective, safe, and environmentally sustainable techniques for raising livestock and harvesting crops. Specialty areas in this field include Animal Science, Food Science, Bio Resource Science and Soil Science.
These scientists generally work full-time in office or laboratory environments, though sometimes they must venture out into the field.