Ph.D. is considered one of the most prestigious courses and is offered in various fields. Ph.D. in Biology is a popular course and is being offered in many institutes today. The course is of minimum 3 years. The aspirants need to have obtained their master’s degree in the relevant fields. They should have also obtained a minimum of 50% aggregate for most of the institutes. Pursuing Ph.D. in Biology helps in fostering in students the understanding of foundational and advanced concepts and terminologies of biological sciences.
There are a plethora of institutes offering a Ph.D. degree in India and most of them offer Ph.D. with Biology as a specialization too. Some of the reputed colleges offering the specialization are:
- IIT Kanpur
- IIT Gandhinagar
- BITS Pilani
- Banasthali Vidyapeeth
- Mangalore University
- Narsee Moonjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai.
- Indian Association for Cultivation of Science
- Agharkar Research Institute
Doing a Ph.D. in Biology helps students in getting the deeper knowledge of the micro-organisms, their genes, and the surrounding environment.
To pursue Ph.D. in Biology, candidates can give various universities’ entrance exams. Some of them are:
- BITS Pilani Ph.D. Entrance Exam
- AIIMS Ph.D. Entrance Exam
- JNU Ph.D. Entrance Exam
- IISc Ph.D. Entrance Exam
- Manipal University Entrance Exam
The programmes offered by some of these institutes also accommodates the part-time Ph.D.
The fees for doing a Ph.D. in Biology in India varies from INR 15,000 to 5 lacs. Being a dynamic course, there are various parameters determining the fees structure in Ph.D. The university you are applying for is one of them. It also depends on the duration since Ph.D. in Biology duration is of minimum 3 years which can be extended further. In universities like JNU, a student can obtain the degree in just INR 2,000.
Doing a Ph.D. in Biology provides research and training opportunities to students which further helps them to pursue multitudes of career streams like biomedical sciences, ecological sciences, and evolutionary sciences.
Top Colleges for Ph.D. (Biology)
- M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Delhi-NCR
- M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Maharashtra
- M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Chennai
- M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Uttar Pradesh
- M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Telangana
Ph.D. in Biology: Course Highlights
|Course Title||Ph.D. (Biology)|
|Course Level||Doctoral programme|
|Course Duration||3 years (minimum)|
|Course Structure||Semester wise/ Year wise|
|Eligibility||Candidate should have a master’s degree in the relevant field from a recognized institute and should have passed with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks.|
|Admission Process||Entrance Exams|
|Course Fees||INR 2,000 to 5 Lacs|
|Starting salaries||INR 25,000 to 80,000 per month|
|Major Areas||Cell and Molecular Biology, Ecology and Evolution, Computational Biology|
|Job Positions||Sr. Research Associate, Research Biologist, Environmental Staff Scientist, Clinical Lab Scientist, Sr. Microbiologist, Product Manager, Natural Science Manager|
|Major Recruiting Industries||Educational Institutes, Medical Research Centres, Zoos and National Parks, National Conservation Centres|
|Recruiters||Paramount Diagnostics & Research Center, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd., HCL|
Doing a Ph.D. course makes students versatile as they gain exposure to report writing, research work, and data presentation. Ph.D. helps in the development of the students' laboratories skills. It also helps in expanding their knowledge base. With both lectures and practicals, students develop their teaching and communication skills and also lay hands on some IT skills.
Ph.D. in Biology: What is it about?
Doing a Ph.D. in Biology indulges students mainly in the fields of:
- Cell and Molecular Biology
- Ecology and Evolution
- Computational Biology
They go through topics dealing with microorganisms, genes, habitats, environment and their ecosystems.
Ph.D. in Biology: Syllabus
|Microbial Ecology||Ecology of organisms. It focuses on Eukaryota, Archaea, and Bacteria, their relationship with one another and their environment.|
|Aquatic Mycology||Describes the ecological roles, involvement in global cycling processes and related factors of aquatic organisms like fungi.|
|Organic Farming||Learning organic farming as an agriculture practice without using pesticides and common fertilizers.|
|Genotoxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis||Understanding of chemical agents that damage the genetic information in cells leading to mutations.|
|Cytogenetics||Concerned with the chromosomes and their relation to cell behavior focusing on mitosis and meiosis.|
|Endocrinology and Animal Physiology||Focuses on the physiological and neuroendocrine systems of animals and the detailed molecular and cellular mechanics.|
|Plant Pathology and Sericulture||Study of diseases in plants and the cultivation of silkworm to produce silk.|
|Cancer Biology||Study of genetic and molecular changes cells undergo while converting to malignant cancer cells.|
Apart from these, the course also focuses on subjects of Sewage Microbes, Natural quality of wile legumes, mycology, and conservation biology.
Ph.D. in Biology: Top Institutes
|Name||City||Average Course Fees(in INR)|
|Indian Institute of Technology||Kanpur||1,89,000|
|Indian Institute of Technology||Gandhinagar||1,27,500|
|Birla Institute of Technology and Science||Pilani||1,57,955|
|Indian Institute of Science||Bangalore||75,600|
|Jawaharlal Nehru University||Delhi||2,000|
|Charotar University of Science and Technology||Anand||1,80,000|
|Indian Institute of Information Technology||Allahabad||1,92,000|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences||New Delhi||5,885|
Ph.D. in Biology: Eligibility
The basic eligibility criteria for this course is that the candidates should have completed their master’s course. They should have also cleared the course with 50% aggregate marks. Some institutes have kept the criterion 45% for SC/ST students.
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Ph.D. in Biology: Career Prospects
The major recruiting companies for students of Ph.D. biology are:
- Paramount Diagnostics & Research Center
- Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
Students also get opportunities to make their career as professors in universities and as scientists in various government organizations.
Some of the major posts from which people start their careers are:
|Job||Job Description||Average Salary|
|Microbiologists||Microbiologists focus on research to develop drugs which can be used to fight infectious diseases and improve sterilization||INR 2-4 Lacs p.a.|
|Natural Science Manager||They oversee the complete research process and evaluate the laboratory works. They keep a track of the stock and also assist others in using the equipment.||INR 3-6 Lacs p.a.|
|Research Biologist||They study the life of organisms and their relationships with their environment.||INR 2-4 Lacs p.a.|
Note: Ph.D. students with a research fellowship in the universities are provided stipend from the MHRD, Govt. of India. The students get a monthly stipend of INR 25,000 for the first 2 years of their study. After that, they get a stipend of INR 28,000 monthly for the next 3 years and after that, a monthly stipend of INR 12,000 is given for one more year.
Pursuing Ph.D. boosts the positive thinking attitude of the students and mentally prepares them for identifying real-world problems and providing customized solutions to them.