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Ph.D. is considered one of the most prestigious courses and is offered in various fields. Ph.D. in Biology is a popular course and is being offered in many institutes today. The course is of minimum 3 years. The aspirants need to have obtained their master’s degree in the relevant fields. They should have also obtained a minimum of 50% aggregate for most of the institutes. Pursuing Ph.D. in Biology helps in fostering in students the understanding of foundational and advanced concepts and terminologies of biological sciences.

There are a plethora of institutes offering a Ph.D. degree in India and most of them offer Ph.D. with Biology as a specialization too. Some of the reputed colleges offering the specialization are:

  • IIT Kanpur
  • IIT Gandhinagar
  • BITS Pilani
  • Banasthali Vidyapeeth
  • Mangalore University
  • Narsee Moonjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai.
  • Indian Association for Cultivation of Science
  • Agharkar Research Institute

Doing a Ph.D. in Biology helps students in getting the deeper knowledge of the micro-organisms, their genes, and the surrounding environment.

To pursue Ph.D. in Biology, candidates can give various universities’ entrance exams. Some of them are:

  • BITS Pilani Ph.D. Entrance Exam
  • AIIMS Ph.D. Entrance Exam
  • JNU Ph.D. Entrance Exam
  • IISc Ph.D. Entrance Exam
  • GATE
  • Manipal University Entrance Exam

The programmes offered by some of these institutes also accommodates the part-time Ph.D.

The fees for doing a Ph.D. in Biology in India varies from INR 15,000 to 5 lacs. Being a dynamic course, there are various parameters determining the fees structure in Ph.D. The university you are applying for is one of them. It also depends on the duration since Ph.D. in Biology duration is of minimum 3 years which can be extended further. In universities like JNU, a student can obtain the degree in just INR 2,000.

Doing a Ph.D. in Biology provides research and training opportunities to students which further helps them to pursue multitudes of career streams like biomedical sciences, ecological sciences, and evolutionary sciences.

Top Colleges for Ph.D. (Biology)

  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Delhi-NCR
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Maharashtra
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Chennai
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Uttar Pradesh
  • M.Phil/Ph.D in Science in Telangana

Ph.D. in Biology: Course Highlights

Course TitlePh.D. (Biology)
Course LevelDoctoral programme
Course Duration3 years (minimum)
Course StructureSemester wise/ Year wise
EligibilityCandidate should have a master’s degree in the relevant field from a recognized institute and should have passed with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks.
Admission ProcessEntrance Exams
Course FeesINR 2,000 to 5 Lacs
Starting salariesINR 25,000 to 80,000 per month
Major AreasCell and Molecular Biology, Ecology and Evolution, Computational Biology
Job PositionsSr. Research Associate, Research Biologist, Environmental Staff Scientist, Clinical Lab Scientist, Sr. Microbiologist, Product Manager, Natural Science Manager
Major Recruiting IndustriesEducational Institutes, Medical Research Centres, Zoos and National Parks, National Conservation Centres
RecruitersParamount Diagnostics & Research Center, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd., HCL

Doing a Ph.D. course makes students versatile as they gain exposure to report writing, research work, and data presentation. Ph.D. helps in the development of the students' laboratories skills. It also helps in expanding their knowledge base. With both lectures and practicals, students develop their teaching and communication skills and also lay hands on some IT skills.

Ph.D. in Biology: What is it about?

Doing a Ph.D. in Biology indulges students mainly in the fields of:

  • Cell and Molecular Biology
  • Ecology and Evolution
  • Computational Biology

They go through topics dealing with microorganisms, genes, habitats, environment and their ecosystems.

Ph.D. in Biology: Syllabus

Subject NameDescription
Microbial EcologyEcology of organisms. It focuses on Eukaryota, Archaea, and Bacteria, their relationship with one another and their environment.
Aquatic MycologyDescribes the ecological roles, involvement in global cycling processes and related factors of aquatic organisms like fungi.
Organic FarmingLearning organic farming as an agriculture practice without using pesticides and common fertilizers.
Genotoxicology and Environmental MutagenesisUnderstanding of chemical agents that damage the genetic information in cells leading to mutations.
CytogeneticsConcerned with the chromosomes and their relation to cell behavior focusing on mitosis and meiosis.
Endocrinology and Animal PhysiologyFocuses on the physiological and neuroendocrine systems of animals and the detailed molecular and cellular mechanics.
Plant Pathology and SericultureStudy of diseases in plants and the cultivation of silkworm to produce silk.
Cancer BiologyStudy of genetic and molecular changes cells undergo while converting to malignant cancer cells.

Apart from these, the course also focuses on subjects of Sewage Microbes, Natural quality of wile legumes, mycology, and conservation biology.

Ph.D. in Biology: Top Institutes

NameCityAverage Course Fees(in INR)
Indian Institute of TechnologyKanpur1,89,000
Indian Institute of TechnologyGandhinagar1,27,500
Birla Institute of Technology and SciencePilani1,57,955
Indian Institute of ScienceBangalore75,600
Mangalore UniversityMangalore89,320
Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityDelhi2,000
Banasthali VidyapeethJaipur3,19,500
Charotar University of Science and TechnologyAnand1,80,000
Indian Institute of Information TechnologyAllahabad1,92,000
All India Institute of Medical SciencesNew Delhi5,885

Ph.D. in Biology: Eligibility

The basic eligibility criteria for this course is that the candidates should have completed their master’s course. They should have also cleared the course with 50% aggregate marks. Some institutes have kept the criterion 45% for SC/ST students.

Ph.D. in Biology: Career Prospects

The major recruiting companies for students of Ph.D. biology are:

  • Paramount Diagnostics & Research Center
  • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
  • HCL

Students also get opportunities to make their career as professors in universities and as scientists in various government organizations.

Some of the major posts from which people start their careers are:

JobJob DescriptionAverage Salary
MicrobiologistsMicrobiologists focus on research to develop drugs which can be used to fight infectious diseases and improve sterilizationINR 2-4 Lacs p.a.
Natural Science ManagerThey oversee the complete research process and evaluate the laboratory works. They keep a track of the stock and also assist others in using the equipment.INR 3-6 Lacs p.a.
Research BiologistThey study the life of organisms and their relationships with their environment.INR 2-4 Lacs p.a.

Note: Ph.D. students with a research fellowship in the universities are provided stipend from the MHRD, Govt. of India. The students get a monthly stipend of INR 25,000 for the first 2 years of their study. After that, they get a stipend of INR 28,000 monthly for the next 3 years and after that, a monthly stipend of INR 12,000 is given for one more year.

Pursuing Ph.D. boosts the positive thinking attitude of the students and mentally prepares them for identifying real-world problems and providing customized solutions to them.

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