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M.Sc. in Earth Science is a 2-year long course divided into 4 semesters, minimum qualification for which is a B.Sc. in Geology from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate score of 60%.  

The course offers advanced insight into a number of disciplines such as oceanography, hydrology, geology, volcanology, geomagnetism, soil science, and astronomy etc. to familiarize eligible candidates with the earth as a comprehensive system instead of isolated processes and fields.

The average tuition fee charged in India for the course ranges between INR 3,000 and 1.5 Lacs. Admission is based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance exam such as the JAM entrance exam.

Successful postgraduates of the course are hired in capacities such as Volcanologists, Petroleum Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Earth Science Teachers, Glacial or Quaternary Geologists, Structural Geologists and Hydrogeologists etc., and in industries such as mining, oil and gas, minerals and water resources., and also in colleges and universities as teachers.

The initial salary offered in India to such postgraduates varies between INR 1.5 and 3.5 Lacs annually.

Organizations such as the Geological Survey of India (GSI), Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC), Hindustan Zinc Ltd, Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation (MMTC), Coal India and Mineral Exploration Ltd. Etc. hire such postgraduates.

Top Colleges for Master of Science [M.Sc] (Earth Science)

  • M.Sc in Delhi-NCR
  • M.Sc in Maharashtra
  • M.Sc in Chennai
  • M.Sc in Uttar Pradesh
  • M.Sc in Telangana

M.Sc. in Earth Science: Course Highlights

Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course LevelPost Graduate
Duration2 years
Examination TypeSemester System
EligibilityB.Sc. First Class/Division with Geology as major subject and Physics / Chemistry / Mathematics / Biological Science as subsidiaries with Mathematics as one of the subjects at 10 + 2 or higher levels
Admission ProcessBased on performance in a relevant entrance exam like JAM entrance exam.
Course FeeINR 3,000 to 1.5 Lacs
Average Starting SalaryINR 1.5 to 3.5 Lacs
Top Recruiting CompaniesGeological Survey of India (GSI), Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC), Hindustan Zinc Ltd, Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation (MMTC), Coal India and Mineral Exploration Ltd.
Job PositionsVolcanologists, Petroleum Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Earth Science Teachers, Glacial or Quaternary Geologists, Structural Geologists and Hydrogeologists etc.

M.Sc. in Earth Science: What is it About?

The course aims to develop in eligible candidates a critical understanding of appropriate earth- related tools, exposure to new methods and techniques, competence in developing tools for the acquisition, processing, transformation, analysis, modelling, storage and presentation of spatial data, application of geo- information in identifying and responding to development problems and in drafting development policies, developing research skills to design and undertake research and development projects in various fields of geo-informatics. Upon successful completion of the course, students would be able to:

  • analyze problems related to geo-information, encountered in professional practice and to develop appropriate methods for studying and/ or solving such problems
  • choose and possibly develop appropriate methods for geospatial framework data collection and processing
  • apply programming languages
  • apply geo-information science and earth observation technology to generate, integrate, analyze and visualize spatial data
  • understand and apply the principles of databases and data models and to use database query languages
  • formulate and carry out independent research in the general field of geo-informatics, possibly as part of a multi-disciplinary research and development project
  • communicate and defend geoinformatics- based research methods and findings.

Top Institutes Offering M.Sc. in Earth Science

Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each:

Name of InstituteCity Average Fees
IIT BombayBombayINR 16,000 (course)
University of MysoreMysoreINR 44,000 (course)
IIRSDehradunINR 45,000 (course)
Jiwaji UniversityVishakhapatnamINR 30,000 (course)
JIS UniversityKolkataINR 81,000 (course)
Manipal Institute of TechnologyManipalINR 1.28 lakh (course)
Post Graduate College of ScienceHyderabadINR 3,000 (course)

Eligibility for M. Sc. in Earth Science

Listed here are the minimum criteria of eligibility needed to be fulfilled for applying to the course.

  • B.Sc. First Class/Division with Geology as major subject and Physics/ Chemistry/ Mathematics/ Biological Science as subsidiaries with Mathematics as one of the subjects at the 10+2 level with a minimum aggregate score of 60%.
  • B.Sc. with any electives/B.E. (Civil, Environmental Science, Computer Science, Information Science and Mining)/ B.Sc.-Ag., of any university recognised by the UGC.

M.Sc. in Earth Science: Admission Process

Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s performance in the Joint Admission Test for M.Sc. (JAM) conducted at 52 centers in the country, generally in the first/ second week of May. Centralized admission to IITs is made on the basis of the candidate’s rank in the Joint Admission Test and the choice opted for by the candidate.

M.Sc. in Earth Science: Syllabus and Course Description

A semester- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.

Semester I
Geoscience Part-II
Advanced Remote Sensing in Geoscience. Part -II
Computer Application in Geosciences -II
Corresponding Special Paper
Laboratory Work
Theory Papers
Remote Sensing in Geology and Geomorphology
Structural Geology and Geo-tectonics.
Mineralogy & Mineral Optics
Geochemistry & Analytical techniques
Laboratory Work
Remote sensing Geomorphology and structural geology
Mineralogy & Geochemistry
Theory Papers
Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Paleontology and Stratigraphy
Geotechnical Engineering and Environmental Geology
Laboratory Work
Ore Geology and Mining Geology
Indian Mineral Deposits and Mineral Economics
Mineral exploration and Mineral Beneficiation
Special Paper (Any one of the following)
Advanced Environmental Geoscience Part –I
Advanced Remote Sensing in Geoscience. Part –I
Computer Application in Geosciences -I Part
Laboratory work
ESL-305 Ore Microscopy and Mineral; Deposits.
Mineral Exploration and Mining Geology
Corresponding special Paper
Special Paper (Any One of the following corresponding to special Paper already offered in III Semester)
Advanced Environmental Project Orientation)

M.Sc. in Earth Science: Career Prospects

Geo professionals are involved in exploration, surveys and production, both indoors (laboratories and offices) and outdoors (on land or at sea), often in particularly demanding conditions and in remote locations.

Mining geologists often work underground in damp conditions, often needing to wear protective clothing and safety equipment. Many geologists spend time away from home, ranging from a few days to several months. Work and travel abroad is a feature of some jobs.

Salaries of Geo professionals vary depending upon their individual qualifications, experience, and scale of the hiring organization. Geo-Professionals find employment in research institutes, private research centers and oil companies etc.

Some of the popular professional avenues open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

Job PositionJob DescriptionAverage Annual Pay Scale in INR
Geo Science EngineerGeoscientists often supervise the work of technicians and coordinate work with other scientists, both on the field and in the lab. Many geoscientists are involved in the search for and development of natural resources, such as petroleum. Others work in environmental protection and preservation and are involved in projects to clean up and reclaim land. Some specialize in a particular aspect of the earth, such as oceans.4,93,325
Geo-scientistGeoscientists typically plan and conduct field studies, in which they visit locations to collect samples and conduct surveys. Geoscientists study the physical aspects of the earth, such as its composition, structure, and processes, to learn about its past, present, and future.4,43,732
Seismic Data Collection EngineerSeismic Data Collection Engineers play an important role in the oil and gas industry. They work with surveys, sending pulses of sound energy down through layers of rocks beneath the earth's surface.9,02,473 
Seismic Data Interpretation EngineerSeismic Interpreters use a variety of technical, computational and scientific modelling techniques to produce geophysical and geological data that can be used to analyze the hydrocarbon content of rock structures.10,68,000 
Mineral EngineerMining Engineers ensure that underground resources such as minerals, metals, oil and gas are extracted safely and efficiently. Typical job responsibilities include ensuring that operations comply with health and safety requirements and making sure that the equipment used is safe. 6,56,000
Survey GeologistSurvey Geologists work for provincial or federal government geological surveys, build a framework of geological knowledge to encourage a better understanding of mineral and energy resources in the environment. 5,11,804
Conservation HydrologistConservation Hydrologists typically measure the properties of bodies of water, such as volume and stream flow, collect water and soil samples to test for certain properties, such as the pH or pollution levels, analyze data on the environmental impacts of pollution, erosion, drought, and other problems. 2,93,084 

Eligibility Of the Master of Science [M.Sc] (Earth Science)


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