MD Ophthalmology is a 3-year long, post-graduate course in medicine divided across a semester pattern. The course specializes in educating doctors about details of anatomy, functions, and diseases related to eyes. The curriculum covers concepts and processes involved in solving problems related to eyes, such as glaucoma, iritis, eye trauma, orbital cellulite, tumors and other diseases affecting the human eye.
Top Institutes offering this course are:
- AIIMS, New Delhi
- Armed Forces Medical College, Chennai
- Grant Medical College, Mumbai
- Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad
- Government Medical College, Surat
The course fee charged by medical institutes in India for MD Ophthalmology ranges between INR 3.5 and 15 lacs, depending upon the institute offering the course.
Minimum eligibility for application to the course is an MBBS degree with a minimum aggregate score of 55% from a recognized university. Average annual salary offered to such postgraduates ranges between INR 4 and 10 lacs, increasing with the candidate’s experience and skillsets.
Top Colleges for Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Ophthalmology)
- Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Ophthalmology) in Maharashtra
- Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Ophthalmology) in Karnataka
- MD in Delhi-NCR
- MD in Maharashtra
- MD in Chennai
- MD in Uttar Pradesh
MD Ophthalmology: Course Highlights
Listed below are some of the major highlight of the course
|Course Level||Post Graduate|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||55% in MBBS from a recognized institute|
|Admission Process||Counselling after taking PG entrance examination|
|Course Fee||INR 3.5 to 15 Lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 4.0 to 15 Lacs|
|Top Recruiting Fields/Areas||Top hospitals such as AIIMS, MAX, and CMC etc.|
MD Ophthalmology: What is it About?
Enrolled students are offered higher learning and training in practices ranging from performing crucial eye surgery to prescribing glasses and contact lenses. The course is well-structured for doctors for solving all kinds of eye problems experienced in a human body.
The course consists of basics of ophthalmology and advanced topics such as Uvea and Vitreoretinal diseases and optical nervous system. The doctors are taught to provide eye treatment based upon analyses attained through the use of medicine, surgery, diet and other therapies.
The curriculum is designed to prepare enrolled doctors in complete care of the eye, including vision services, eye examinations, medical and surgical eye operations, diagnoses, and treatment of eye diseases and other visual complications
MD Ophthalmology: Top Institutes
Some of the leading institutes in India offering Doctor of Medicine in Ophthalmology are listed here along with the corresponding locations and fees charged.
|COLLEGE/INSTITUTE||STATE||AVERAGE TUITION FEES IN INR|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences||New Delhi||5,000|
|Peoples University||Bhopal, MP||8,205|
|Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College and Hospital||Sangli, Maharashtra||3,00,000|
|Christian Medical College and Hospital||Ludhiana, Punjab||60,000|
|Coimbatore Medical College||Coimbatore, TN||3,10,000|
|Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences - DMIMS||Wardha, Maharashtra||1,16,000|
|Government Medical College||Surat, Gujrat||14,000|
|Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Government Medical College||Nanded, Maharashtra||2,50,000|
|HM Patel Institute of Post Graduate Studies||Gujarat||1,50,000|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College||Ajmer, Rajasthan||5,13,000|
|Mysore Medical College||Mysore, Karnataka||3,45,000|
MD Ophthalmology: Eligibility
Aspiring candidates need to meet the following eligibility criteria:
- Successful completion of MBBS from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate score of 55%.
- Candidates with additional or equivalent diploma in MD can also apply for the course.
|Doctorate of Medicine in Uttar Pradesh||Doctorate of Medicine in Andhra Pradesh||Doctorate of Medicine in Madhya Pradesh||Doctorate of Medicine in Bihar|
MD Ophthalmology: Admission Process
Candidates with an MBBS degree and possessing experience of training may appear for any of the Post Graduate Medical Entrance Tests conducted by various medical bodies, some of them being:
- All India Post Graduate Medical/Dental Entrance Exam
- Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research Entrance Exam
- Separate exams conducted by AIIMS, PGI, GMCH, AFMC Pune etc.
However, some medical institutes in India also provide direct admission based on the candidate’s score at the level of MBBS, and work experience.
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MD Ophthalmology: Syllabus and Course Description
A section- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is given below.
|Section I||Section II|
|Anatomy and Physiology||Ophthalmic Optics|
|Embryology and Anatomy||Elementary Optics|
|Physiology of the Eye||Elementary Physiological|
|The Physiology of Vision||Optics Refraction|
|The Neurology of Vision||Refractive Errors of the Eye|
|Section III||Section IV|
|Ocular Examination Techniques and Ocular Therapeutics||Diseases of the Eye|
|Ocular Symptomatology||Diseases of the Conjunctiva|
|Assessment of Visual Function||Diseases of the Cornea|
|Examination of the Anterior Segment||Diseases of the Sclera|
|Examination of the Posterior Segment and Orbit||Diseases of the Uveal Tract|
|Ocular Therapeutics||The Lens|
|Ocular Microbiology||The Glaucoma’s|
|Diseases of the Optic Nerve||Diseases of the Retina|
|Intraocular Tumors||Diseases of the Vitreous|
|Section V||Section VI|
|Disorders of Motility||Diseases of the Adnexa|
|Anatomy and Physiology of the Motor Mechanism||Diseases of the Lids|
|Comitant strabismus||Diseases of the Lacrimal Apparatus|
|Incomitant Strabismus||Diseases of the Orbit|
|Section VII||Section VIII|
|Systemic Ophthalmology||Preventive Ophthalmology|
|Diseases of the Nervous System with Ocular Manifestations||Genetic Ophthalmology|
|Ocular Manifestations of Systemic Disorders||The Causes and Prevention of Blindness|
|Systemic drugs – Effects on eye||Eye Banking|
|Surgical Instruments in Ophthalmology||-|
|Surgical Instruments in Ophthalmology||-|
|Local Anesthesia in Ophthalmology||-|
|Lasers in Ophthalmology||-|
MD Ophthalmology: Career Prospects
Responsibilities of an Ophthalmologist broadly include eye disease prevention, refractive and optical services, diagnosis and management of eye diseases, and medical, surgical and rehabilitative services.
Successful postgraduates of the course are hired in capacities such as Ophthalmologist, Hospital Administrator, Clinical research associate, Consultant, Professors etc.
Listed below are some of the job titles and profiles along with the respective remunerations offered to successful postgraduates of the course.
|Job Title||Job Profile||Average Annual Salary in INR|
|Ophthalmologist||Ophthalmologists’ primary responsibility is to deliver quality eye care. They are entrusted with the entire spectrum of comprehensive, refractive, medical and surgical eye care.||12,00,000 to 24,00,000|
|Assistant Professor in Ophthalmology||A Professor or Assistant Professor in the field of Ophthalmology educates students on various principles and techniques of visual treatment. They train them with modern technology employed to provide complete eye care.||4,60,000 to 11,00,000|
|Consultant||Such ophthalmologists are called when regular doctors face critical conditions with the human eye. A consultant can examine, give primary treatment, and recommend suitable medication and surgery to the parents.||7,80,000 to 12,00,000|
|Clinical Research Associate||They collaborate with medical experts, clinical study sites and clinical study vendors to understand and innovate various devises and ways to cure and prevent problems associated with human eye and vision.||6,00,000 to 15,00,000|
|Hospital Administrator||They are responsible for maintaining day-to-day activity and operation of a hospital or clinic. They manage care organizations and co-ordinate with all departments to ensure a smooth functioning of the medical body.||10,00,000 to 40,00,000|