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MD Ophthalmology is a 3-year long, post-graduate course in medicine divided across a semester pattern. The course specializes in educating doctors about details of anatomy, functions, and diseases related to eyes. The curriculum covers concepts and processes involved in solving problems related to eyes, such as glaucoma, iritis, eye trauma, orbital cellulite, tumors and other diseases affecting the human eye.

Top Institutes offering this course are:

  • AIIMS, New Delhi
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Chennai
  • Grant Medical College, Mumbai
  • Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad
  • Government Medical College, Surat

The course fee charged by medical institutes in India for MD Ophthalmology ranges between INR 3.5 and 15 lacs, depending upon the institute offering the course.

Minimum eligibility for application to the course is an MBBS degree with a minimum aggregate score of 55% from a recognized university. Average annual salary offered to such postgraduates ranges between INR 4 and 10 lacs, increasing with the candidate’s experience and skillsets.

Top Colleges for Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Ophthalmology)

  • Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Ophthalmology) in Maharashtra
  • Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Ophthalmology) in Karnataka
  • MD in Delhi-NCR
  • MD in Maharashtra
  • MD in Chennai
  • MD in Uttar Pradesh

MD Ophthalmology: Course Highlights

Listed below are some of the major highlight of the course

Course LevelPost Graduate
Duration3 Years
Examination TypeSemester System
Eligibility55% in MBBS from a recognized institute
Admission ProcessCounselling after taking PG entrance examination
Course FeeINR 3.5 to 15 Lacs
Average Starting SalaryINR 4.0 to 15 Lacs
Top Recruiting Fields/AreasTop hospitals such as AIIMS, MAX, and CMC etc.

MD Ophthalmology: What is it About?

Enrolled students are offered higher learning and training in practices ranging from performing crucial eye surgery to prescribing glasses and contact lenses. The course is well-structured for doctors for solving all kinds of eye problems experienced in a human body.

The course consists of basics of ophthalmology and advanced topics such as Uvea and Vitreoretinal diseases and optical nervous system. The doctors are taught to provide eye treatment based upon analyses attained through the use of medicine, surgery, diet and other therapies.

The curriculum is designed to prepare enrolled doctors in complete care of the eye, including vision services, eye examinations, medical and surgical eye operations, diagnoses, and treatment of eye diseases and other visual complications

MD Ophthalmology: Top Institutes 

Some of the leading institutes in India offering Doctor of Medicine in Ophthalmology are listed here along with the corresponding locations and fees charged.

COLLEGE/INSTITUTESTATEAVERAGE TUITION FEES IN INR
All India Institute of Medical SciencesNew Delhi5,000
Peoples UniversityBhopal, MP8,205
Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College and HospitalSangli, Maharashtra3,00,000
Christian Medical College and HospitalLudhiana, Punjab60,000
Coimbatore Medical CollegeCoimbatore, TN3,10,000
Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences - DMIMSWardha, Maharashtra1,16,000
Government Medical CollegeSurat, Gujrat14,000
Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Government Medical CollegeNanded, Maharashtra2,50,000
HM Patel Institute of Post Graduate StudiesGujarat1,50,000
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical CollegeAjmer, Rajasthan5,13,000
Mysore Medical CollegeMysore, Karnataka3,45,000

MD Ophthalmology: Eligibility 

Aspiring candidates need to meet the following eligibility criteria:

  • Successful completion of MBBS from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate score of 55%.
  • Candidates with additional or equivalent diploma in MD can also apply for the course.
Doctorate of Medicine in Uttar PradeshDoctorate of Medicine in Andhra PradeshDoctorate of Medicine in Madhya PradeshDoctorate of Medicine in Bihar

MD Ophthalmology: Admission Process

Candidates with an MBBS degree and possessing experience of training may appear for any of the Post Graduate Medical Entrance Tests conducted by various medical bodies, some of them being:

  • All India Post Graduate Medical/Dental Entrance Exam
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research Entrance Exam
  • Separate exams conducted by AIIMS, PGI, GMCH, AFMC Pune etc.

However, some medical institutes in India also provide direct admission based on the candidate’s score at the level of MBBS, and work experience.

MD Ophthalmology: Syllabus and Course Description

A section- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is given below.

Section ISection II
Anatomy and PhysiologyOphthalmic Optics
Embryology and AnatomyElementary Optics
Physiology of the EyeElementary Physiological
The Physiology of VisionOptics Refraction
The Neurology of VisionRefractive Errors of the Eye
Section IIISection IV
Ocular Examination Techniques and Ocular TherapeuticsDiseases of the Eye
Ocular SymptomatologyDiseases of the Conjunctiva
Assessment of Visual FunctionDiseases of the Cornea
Examination of the Anterior SegmentDiseases of the Sclera
Examination of the Posterior Segment and OrbitDiseases of the Uveal Tract
Ocular TherapeuticsThe Lens
Ocular MicrobiologyThe Glaucoma’s
Diseases of the Optic NerveDiseases of the Retina
Intraocular TumorsDiseases of the Vitreous
Section VSection VI
Disorders of MotilityDiseases of the Adnexa
Anatomy and Physiology of the Motor MechanismDiseases of the Lids
Comitant strabismusDiseases of the Lacrimal Apparatus
Incomitant StrabismusDiseases of the Orbit
Section VIISection VIII
Systemic OphthalmologyPreventive Ophthalmology
Diseases of the Nervous System with Ocular ManifestationsGenetic Ophthalmology
Ocular Manifestations of Systemic DisordersThe Causes and Prevention of Blindness
Systemic drugs – Effects on eyeEye Banking
-Eye Camps
Section IX-
Surgical Instruments in Ophthalmology-
Surgical Instruments in Ophthalmology-
Local Anesthesia in Ophthalmology-
Lasers in Ophthalmology-

MD Ophthalmology: Career Prospects

Responsibilities of an Ophthalmologist broadly include eye disease prevention, refractive and optical services, diagnosis and management of eye diseases, and medical, surgical and rehabilitative services.

Successful postgraduates of the course are hired in capacities such as Ophthalmologist, Hospital Administrator, Clinical research associate, Consultant, Professors etc.

Listed below are some of the job titles and profiles along with the respective remunerations offered to successful postgraduates of the course.

Job TitleJob ProfileAverage Annual Salary in INR
OphthalmologistOphthalmologists’ primary responsibility is to deliver quality eye care. They are entrusted with the entire spectrum of comprehensive, refractive, medical and surgical eye care.12,00,000 to 24,00,000
Assistant Professor in OphthalmologyA Professor or Assistant Professor in the field of Ophthalmology educates students on various principles and techniques of visual treatment. They train them with modern technology employed to provide complete eye care.4,60,000 to 11,00,000
ConsultantSuch ophthalmologists are called when regular doctors face critical conditions with the human eye. A consultant can examine, give primary treatment, and recommend suitable medication and surgery to the parents.7,80,000 to 12,00,000
Clinical Research AssociateThey collaborate with medical experts, clinical study sites and clinical study vendors to understand and innovate various devises and ways to cure and prevent problems associated with human eye and vision.6,00,000 to 15,00,000
Hospital AdministratorThey are responsible for maintaining day-to-day activity and operation of a hospital or clinic. They manage care organizations and co-ordinate with all departments to ensure a smooth functioning of the medical body.10,00,000 to 40,00,000

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