B. Tech Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering is a 4- year course spread over 8 semesters out of which 6 semesters consist of both practical and theoretical papers pertaining to chemical engineering. The course involves topics related to petroleum products like LPG, diesel, petrol, and the process involved in petroleum refining and crude oil extraction. The best petroleum sources are explored and equipment for their extraction are made.
Top Institutes offering this course are:
- University of Calcutta, Kolkata
- UPES, Dehradun
- The Neotia College, Kolkata
- Chandigarh University
- BITS, Hyderabad
Candidates with a minimum aggregate score of 80% in 10+2 from a recognized educational Board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as main subjects are eligible to apply for the course. Additionally, they are required to qualify the relevant State/ national level entrance papers such as JEE with a minimum aggregate score of 60%.
B. Tech Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering course is categorized into:
- Upstream Sector: involving oil exploration, extraction, and mining system.
- Midstream Sector: involving processes of transportation.
- Downstream Sector: involving research, design, and development, and also practical techniques of petroleum and natural gas processing, production and cost- estimation.
Petroleum and Chemical are the 2 different course group offered in this discipline. From diploma to Ph.D., there are different formats the course is offered in. The average fee charged in India for the course falls between INR 60,000 to 1.5 lac per semester. The average annual starting salary of petrochemical engineers in India ranges between INR 5-6 Lacs. Successful graduates of the course are offered employment opportunities in a wide range of job roles such as Analyst, Geologist, Researcher, and Overseer of refineries or reservoirs.
Top Colleges for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering)
- BE/B.Tech in Delhi-NCR
- BE/B.Tech in Maharashtra
- BE/B.Tech in Chennai
- BE/B.Tech in Uttar Pradesh
- BE/B.Tech in Telangana
B.Tech. Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering: Course Highlights Table
|Name of the course||Bachelor of Technology [B. Tech] (Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering)|
|Duration of the course||4 years|
|Average course fee||INR 3 - 4 Lacs for 4 years|
|Sectors of employment||Public, Private, and Government |
|Average entry-level salary||INR 20,000 – 30,000 per month|
|Top entrance exams||UPESEAT, JEE Main|
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL), Hindustan Oil Exploration Company Ltd (HOEC), Essar Oil, Gujarat Gas Co Ltd (GGCL), GAIL (India) Ltd, Petronet LNG Ltd, and Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
B.Tech. Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering: What is it about?
Primarily, the study of petroleum refining forms the foundation of this course. Areas involving related products like tar and gas etc. are also explored and taught. In-depth studies on the product, its manufacture, related processes, usage, machines, equipment used, the latest technology involved, transportation, extraction and details of the refinery are also covered under this course.
Depending upon the level of the degree, (Bachelor’s, Master’s or Ph.D.), the course modules and detailing are designed.
B.Tech. Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering: Top Institutes
Listed below are some of the top institutes in India offering B. Tech in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering.
|Name of Institute||City||Fee (INR)|
|University of Petroleum & Energy Studies (UPES)||Dehradun, Uttarakhand||10,99,500 INR|
|Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT)||Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh||6,22,000 INR|
|Indian Institute of Technology||Bombay, Maharashtra||5,43,000 INR|
|Indian Institute of Technology||Madras, Tamil Nadu||3,86,000 INR|
|Maharashtra Institute of Technology (MIT)||Pune, Maharashtra||3,60,000 INR|
|Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines) ISM||Dhanbad, Jharkhand||3,21,000 INR|
|Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University (PDPU)||Gandhinagar Gujarat||2,24,000 INR|
B.Tech. Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering: Admission Process
Interested candidates may fill the application form with copies of their photos, xerox of certificates, mark sheets and JEE Main (Joint Entrance Examination) results before the due date. Applications get shortlisted on the basis of performance and subsequently, admission is offered. Also, the AA+ grade candidates are offered an academic scholarship.
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Some of the colleges that offer admission on the basis of the JEE Main merit list are IIT (Mumbai and Madras), ISM (Dhanbad), UPSE, and the AnnaUniversityy of Chennai and Dibrugarh.
The application form for JEE Main entrance is available online, most often in the month of December month. Applicants having secured a minimum of 75th percentile with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as the main subjects may apply. The application fee falls ranges between INR 500-700 and the examination lasts for 3 hours. It can be taken in either of online and offline modes. 4 marks are awarded for every correct answer, while 1 mark is deducted for every incorrect one. 30 questions of 120 marks each are asked from every one of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The cut- off ranges from 105 for General candidates to 70 for OBC candidates and 44-50 for ST/SC category candidates. The entrance exam is patterned broadly along the lines of the AIEEE and CET.
Eligible applicants that have scored the highest marks according to the cut off decided by the Board are first offered admission. Highest scoring candidates are enrolled into the best colleges.
Distance mode admission
The course is also offered in the distance education mode as a 4- year course at an average fee ranging from INR 70,000 to 1,00,000.
|B.Tech Colleges in TELANGANA||B.Tech Colleges in RAJASTHAN||B.Tech Colleges in MAHARASHTRA||B.Tech Colleges in MADHYA PRADESH|
As for lateral entry, it is offered after the 2nd year upon production of proof of a diploma course already undertaken by the student. Course material is sent to students through courier facility once the payment is made.
After B. Tech in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering, students have the option of pursuing M. Tech which is a 2- year course, and subsequently get placed. All colleges in India that offer the distance learning option are registered under the Govt. of India.
B.Tech. Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering: Syllabus and Course Description
It’s a full- time course uniformly distributed between theoretical and practical components, with practical sessions essentially figuring in the first 6 semesters. Activities like seminars, industrial training, project submission etc. are done in the last 2 semesters.
The course is classified into several streams out of which 2 are listed:
- Petroleum Upstream Engineering – Fundamentals of oil and gas production and exploration are taught.
- Petroleum Downstream Engineering – Practical techniques of processing and refining of petroleum and natural gas are taught. Production and cost estimation are covered.
The course essentially comprises a range of components in its syllabus. A semester- wise break up of the syllabus is tabulated below for reference.
Name of Paper
Name of Paper
Thermodynamics Chemical engineering – 1
Physics – Paper 1
Physics – Paper 2
Operation of Heat Transfer
Chemistry – Paper 1
Chemistry – Paper 2
Mathematics – Paper 1
Mathematics – Paper 2
Fluid and solid operation
Plant Safety and Utilities at the time of processing
Basic Cumulative English
Flow of fluid operation
Chemical lab – 1
Basic of Electrical Engineering
Electives Paper – 1
Mechanic Engineering Advanced
Presentations and seminars
Exposure to industries
Mechanical engineering Refining basics
Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics – II
Mass Transfer Operations – 2
Chemical Reaction Engineering – 2
Inorganic Chemical Technology Mass Transfer Operations
Chemical Reaction Engineering – 1
Process Dynamics and Control
Pollution Control in Processing Industries
Process Instrumentation 3
Process Economics and Project Management
Flow Sheeting, Process Design and Simulation
Chemistry of Petroleum Hydrocarbons 3
Elective – IV
Petrochemical Engineering - 2 Chemical Engineering Laboratory – II
Process Equipment Design & Drawing
Chemical Engineering Laboratory
[Heat Transfer Operation experiment]
Chemical Engineering Laboratory – III [Inorganic Chemical Technology & Mass Transfer Operations experiment -I]
Petrochemical Processes -1
Petrochemical Engineering Laboratory –2
Chemical Engineering Laboratory – IV [Mass Transfer Operations, Chemical Reaction Engineering experiments]
Seminar and Industrial Training
Petrochemical Synthesis Laboratory
B.Tech. Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering: Career Prospects
For graduates in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering, there are a plenty of sectors that offer employment, including both government and private sectors. The many job positions on offer are listed here along with descriptions of the job types.
|Petroleum Engineer||Determining the methods of extraction and design and implement them. Also part of the job is understanding rock formation methods and more.|
|Product Testing Engineer||Identifying, testing, planning, evaluating and designing finished products.|
|Exploration Engineer||Determining and improving methods of petroleum extraction and modifying the tools involved.|
|Marketing Head||Directing and controlling the functioning and duties, and marketing petroleum products and increasing sales.|
|Refinery Manager||Give safety training to the team, following environment standards and setting the network|
|Production Manager||Planning, accessing projects, and estimating and negotiating with clients.|
|Transport and Storage specialist||Planning, administering, conducting routine checkups of transportation facilities and managing operations.|
Salary avenues for a Bachelor of Technology in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering are pretty attractive. Students who have acquired the degree through distance learning start with an annual salary of INR 1.5 lacs to 1.8 lacs, and those who have completed the course full time get placed with an average annual salary ranging from INR 5 Lacs- 17 lacs. Salary brackets may vary from private to public sector. Some highlights of potential salary brackets are shown in the table below:
|Designation||Experience||Salary per annum||Company|
|Petro engineer||0 – 1 year||4 INR||Focus Energy ltd.|
|Petro planning engineer||10 years||20 -35 INR||Larsen and Toubro|
|Product Testing Engineer||3 – 8 years||7 – 15 lNR||Wipro|
|Product Testing Engineer||15 - 20 years||15-22 lNR||Lohia Industries|
Depending upon the type of job, candidate’s experience, designation and sector of employment, the salary range varies. Shown below is the salary slab offered by some top recruiters:
|Post||Recruiter||Salary Per Month in INR|
|Research Associate||(HPCL) Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited||35,000 - 50,000|
|Grade ‘B’ Engineers||(HPCL) Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited||29,100 - 54,500|
|Petroleum Engineer||Reliance Industries Ltd||29,100 - 54,500|
|Class – I Executive||ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation)||24,900 - 50,500|
|Executive Trainee||OIL (Oil India Limited)||25,000|
|Research Engineer position||BPCL (Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited)||18,000|