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Gastroenterology is a branch of medicine dealing with the digestive system and its disorders such as those affecting the gastrointestinal tract and related organs. Gastroenterologist or GI doctors are specialists in diagnosing, treating and curing diseases of the organs of the digestive system, namely small intestine, gallbladder, colon, bile duct, pancreas, stomach and other related parts.

MD/ MS in Medical Gastroenterology is a post- graduation course of specialization pursued after an MBBS degree. The MBBS degree must be obtained from a recognized university approved by the Medical Council of India.

Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which includes organs from the mouth to the anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this specialty.

Gastroenterologists perform a number of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures including colonoscopy, endoscopy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), endoscopic ultrasound and liver biopsy.

Gastroenterology is a specialty of internal medicine. The specialty involves the diagnosis and management of patients with diseases of the intestines, liver and biliary tree, and pancreas. Gastroenterologists often treat patients with abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, heartburn, unexplained weight loss, nausea, vomiting, and rectal bleeding. The job also involves treating severe digestive conditions such as colon polyps, colon cancer, colitis, hepatitis, gallbladder disease, irritable bowel syndrome, pancreatitis, and peptic ulcer disease etc. They specialize in treating and possibly curing all forms of digestive diseases. Most gastroenterologists also practice hepatology to some extent, which is the treatment of liver diseases and maladies. Two of the most common diseases which fall under this category are hepatitis, inflammation of the liver caused by viral infections or medication, and liver cirrhosis, which is usually related to alcoholism.

Top Colleges for Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Medical Gastroenterology)

  • MD in Delhi-NCR
  • MD in Maharashtra
  • MD in Chennai
  • MD in Uttar Pradesh
  • MD in Telangana

MD in Medical Gastroenterology: Course Highlights

Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course LevelPost Graduate
Duration3 years
Examination TypeYearly System
EligibilityMBBS with 50% minimum aggregate score
Admission ProcessBased on counselling after clearing Entrance Tests (NEET)
Course FeeINR 1-2 Lakh p.a.
Average Starting salaryINR 5 Lakh to 20 Lakh p.a.
Top Recruiting CompaniesHospitals, Research Centers, Scientific Studies
Job OpportunitiesGastroenterologist, Dietician, Nutritionist, General Surgeon etc.

MD in Medical Gastroenterology: What is it About?

MD in Medical Gastroenterology is a 3- year course for a post graduate degree of specialization after MBBS. This is essentially a practical- oriented, research based course approved by the Medical Council of India.

The course curriculum for MD Medical Gastroenterology includes lectures, theory classes, thesis preparations, clinical and practical examinations, laboratory work and various research projects within the interval of 6 academic terms over a span of 3 years. Enrolled students need to obtain a minimum aggregate score of 50% in theory and practical exams individually for admission to the course. Some universities might also conduct rounds of personal interview for final selections.

In gastroenterology, there is no age limit for patients to be treated, with patients ranging from children to elderly people.

Eligibility for MD in Medical Gastroenterology:

Candidates wishing to pursue the course need to have attained the 10+2 qualification with Biology, Chemistry and Physics as main subjects. Additionally, such candidates need to appear for and qualify the relevant competitive entrance exam and pursue MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) which is a 5 and a half year- long course and includes a 1-year internship as well. Candidates need to obtain a minimum of 55% marks in aggregate in the MBBS/ BDS professional examination, and complete a non-surgical training in fields such as Internal Medicine, Radiology, Pathology etc.

Subsequently, the aspiring candidates need to qualify NEET with the required minimum qualifying cut- off marks. A few universities might carry out their own entrance exams. Some of the most popular such medical entrance tests are the AIIMS Medical Entrance Exam, AIPMT exam, MANIPAL Medical Entrance Exam, AIPMT MBBS entrance exam etc.

Ideal candidates for the course would be efficient in communication skills, with good manual finesse and stamina to work around strenuous schedules, and be constantly interested and conversant in the latest technological advancements and innovations of the medical field.

Top Institutes Offering MD in Medical Gastroenterology

Listed below are some of the best institutes in India that offer MD in Medical Gastroenterology:

RankCollegeCity/ StateAverage Fees Per Annum
1All India Institute of Medical Sciences AIIMSNew DelhiINR 5, 831
2Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research PGIMERChandigarhINR 7, 110
3Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research JIPMERPuducherryINR 5, 700
4King George Medical UniversityLucknowINR 20, 300
5Amrita School of MedicineKochi KeralaINR 1, 77, 000
6Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham Kochi campusKochi KeralaINR 1, 20, 000
7Baba Farid University of Health SciencesFaridkot PunjabINR 1, 25, 000
8Dayanand Medical College and Hospital DMCHLudhiana, PunjabINR 500, 000
9Deccan College of Medical SciencesHyderabad Andhra PradeshINR 60, 000
10Dr NTR University of Health SciencesVijayawada Andhra PradeshINR 25, 000

MD in Medical Gastroenterology: Entrance Exams in India
Here is a list of the leading entrance exams that are conducted in India for admission to the course:

  • AIIMS Medical Entrance Exam
  • AIPMT exam (the erstwhile NEET UG Medical Entrance Exam)
  • MANIPAL Medical Entrance Exam (Manipal- UGET)
  • JIPMER MBBS entrance exam
  • CMC Vellore Entrance Exam
  • CMC Ludhiana Entrance Exam
  • Karnataka CET Medical Entrance Exam
  • Delhi University Pre-Medical Test (DPMT)

MD in Medical Gastroenterology: Syllabus and Course Description

A year- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.

First Year 

Basic Sciences in Health and Diseases
Immune System of Gastrointestinal Tract GIT
Molecular Biology of GIT
Genetic Diseases of GIT And Liver
Gene Therapy
Gastrointestinal Tumors
Gastrointestinal Hormones
Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis
GIT And Liver in Systemic Diseases
GIT Symptoms in Physiology and Interpretation

Second Year

Basic Anatomy, Histology and Physiology
Congenital Anomalies
Mechanism of Deglutition and Dysphagia
Gastroesophageal Reflux and Physiology Disease
Histology Functions of Stomach
Defense Mechanism Against Acid and Pepsin
Helicobacter Pylori Infection
Gastric Hypersecretory States
Surgery for Peptic Ulcer
Postgastrectomy Complication

Third Year

Motility of Small Intestine
Intestinal Electrolyte Absorption and Secretion
Malabsorption Syndrome and Pathophysiology
Small Intestinal Ulcers and Allergies
Small Intestinal Tumors and Transplantation
Motility and Disorders of Colon
Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction
Diverticular Disease of the Colon
Radiation Enterocolitis
Hemorrhoids

MD in Medical Gastroenterology: Career Prospects

Medical Gastroenterology is one of the high- paying fields of medicine. Skilled professionals of the discipline tackle some of the most complex illnesses of the digestive tract. Their salaries vary according to the number of years they have been practicing, their geographical location, the number of man hours they put in, their skills, finesse, dexterity, experience and also personality. Salary also vary between private and government practices.
Freshers of the discipline in government hospitals usually earn about INR 30,000 monthly. In private hospitals, however, the salary ranges between INR 60,000 and 80,0000 monthly. For Gastroenterologists working in their own clinics, income is not a constraint once the practice gains reputation.

Listed here are some of the popular job positions offered to successful postgraduates of the discipline with the corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered.

Job NameJob DescriptionAverage Salary Per Annum in INR
General SurgeonThey perform non-technical and basic surgeries3, 00, 000 to 4, 50, 000
Chief Medical OfficerThey direct the staff and undertakings of medical and nursing programs4, 72, 293 to 8, 80, 292
General PractitionerThey are medical physicians who provide diagnoses of common diseases and ailments3, 00, 000 to 4, 50,000
GastroenterologistThey diagnose and treat patients suffering from any gastrointestinal issues.3, 46, 456 to 4, 00, 000
NutritionistThey counsel and educate on healthy eating habits and prevention of nutritional deficiencies.20, 000 to 3, 00, 000

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