Bachelor of Arts (BA) is a 3-year undergraduate degree offered in India, the minimum eligibility for admission to which is passing in Intermediate or 10+2 level from a recognized board or university. The course is generally offered in Liberal Arts Humanities.
Some of the top colleges which offer admission to the undergraduate degree are:
- Fergusson College, Pune
- St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
- Hansraj College, University of Delhi
- Miranda House, University of Delhi
- Hindu College, University of Delhi
The admission process for Bachelor of Arts (BA), ideally, starts after the results of 10+2 examinations are declared. After the results are declared, universities offering BA course invite application from eligible candidates. Soon after the application process, universities release cut off lists of selected candidates for admission. Certain universities, like Banaras Hindu University (BHU), also conduct entrance test for admission to Bachelor of Arts Course.
Bachelor of Arts (BA) course requires a student to learn minimum 5 different subjects and select a combination of subjects suitable to their needs and interests. With options ranging from Psychology to French, a student can easily model his/her Bachelor of Arts course as per their future aspirations. Apart from two distinct languages, students opting for a Bachelor of Arts degree learn basics of Anthropology, History, Literature, Psychology, Political Science, Philosophy etc. These subjects combined together give students a clear understanding of how civilizations work and help in developing sought-after skills like critical thinking, communication and problem-solving.
The undergraduate degree is offered at a range of public and private colleges in India where some colleges also offer the option of selecting a subject to major in. The average fee charged for Bachelor of Arts in India varies from INR 10,000 to 25,000. Some of the public sector areas where a BA degree holder can work are Banks, Indian Administrative Services, Secretariat, Indian Postal Department, Indian Railways, Army and Navy and others such. The average annual salary offered to such professionals ranges between INR 1.5 lacs to 2.5 lacs.
Top Colleges for Bachelor of Arts [BA]
- Bachelor of Arts [BA] in Maharashtra
- Bachelor of Arts [BA] in Uttar Pradesh
- Bachelor of Arts [BA] in Punjab
- Bachelor of Arts [BA] in Assam
- Bachelor of Arts [BA] in Haryana
Bachelor of Arts (BA): Course Highlights
Mentioned below are the major highlights of BA course.
|Examination Type||Semester system|
|Eligibility||10+2 from a recognized educational board|
|Course Fee||INR 10,000 to 25,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 1.5 lacs to 2.5 Lacs|
|Top Recruiting Areas||Banks, Indian Administrative Services, Secretariat, Indian Postal Department, Indian Railways, Army and Navy and others such|
|Job Positions||Teacher, Content Writer/Features Writer, Public Relations Executive, Journalist, Social Worker, Customer Care Executive, HR Executive etc. |
Bachelor of Arts (BA): What is it About?
Bachelor of Arts (BA) is an undergraduate course of 3 years duration which can be pursued as both full-time and part-time. It is composed of many expressive disciplines and offers various subject combinations to candidates to choose from apart from 1-2 compulsory subjects. These subjects include Liberal Arts, Science or both and their combinations may vary from institute to institute.
Candidates pursuing BA course have the option of choosing major and minor in English, French or any other linguistic course, Psychology, Sociology, Philosophy, History, Religious Studies and more subject areas. Most of the institutes offer a change in elective subjects in the 2nd year depending upon one’s performance of choice.
This bachelor degree is a flexible one allowing candidates to adapt to the changing demands of the employment market and meet their career demands. It enhances the candidates’ communication, research, and analytical skills. Ability to analyze tasks, set priorities and communicate goals to others are some such skills which can be honed for those pursuing the course.
Bachelor of Arts (BA): Specializations
|BA Ancient History||BA English|
|BA Fine Arts||BA Arabic|
|BA Computer Science||BA Economics|
|BA Education||BA French|
|BA Geography||BA Hindi|
|BA History||BA Home Science|
|BA Hons Political Science||BA Hons Philosophy|
|BA Hons History||BA Hons Sociology|
Bachelor of Arts (BA): Top Institutes
Mentioned below are some of the top institutes offering BA course along with their average course fee and location.
|College Name||Location||Average Annual Fees in INR|
|St. Xavier’s College||Mumbai||5.83K|
|Miranda House College||Delhi||12.16K|
|Hans Raj College||Delhi||23.14K|
|Ramnarain Ruia College||Mumbai||5.23K|
|Maharaja Agrasen College||Delhi||10K|
|St. Mira’s College for Girls||Pune||1.4K|
Many universities in India offer Bachelor of Arts (BA) in the distance mode also. For admission to Bachelor of Arts course in correspondence mode, a student needs to have cleared all papers in the higher secondary examination with a minimum of 45% marks. Although Indira Gandhi National University (IGNOU)is the most renowned university for study through distance mode, there are other universities which offer this program in the correspondence mode. Some such universities are:
- School of Open Learning, University of Delhi
- Annamalai University
- Jamia Milia Islamia University
- Sikkim Manipal University
- Karnataka State Open University
- Tamil Nadu Open University
Bachelor of Arts (BA): Eligibility
Interested aspirants for the undergraduate degree must fulfill the below-mentioned eligibility criteria.
- Completion of 10+2 or High School Senior Secondary exam by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) or any equivalent exam conducted by any State Board or equivalent
- A minimum score of 50% aggregate at 10+2 level
- English as a subject at HSC
- All SC/ST candidates have a relaxation of 5% in the minimum aggregate
Bachelor of Arts (BA): Admission Process
Admission to BA course is completely merit-based. The admission process for the same commences after results for 10+2 are declared. Soon after the declaration of results, universities offering the course release a cut off list for the candidates seeking admission into the course. Certain colleges and universities also intake students with exceptional performance in extra-curricular activities under the ECA and Sports Quota. Usually 5% seats are reserved under the ECA and Sports quota.
Students applying under the Sports and ECA quota have to go through a 2-step selection process. First, you have to fill an application form wherein you need to mark clearly that you are applying under the ECA and Sports quota. After the application forms are evaluated, such students are called for field and ECA trials. Students are offered admission based on their performance in the field and ECA trials and their prior performance in state and national level competitions. Weightage given to field trials and early performance is given below:
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Bachelor of Arts (BA): Syllabus and Course Description
Bachelor of Arts allows a student to study a combination of 5 subjects. These subjects are generally related to Humanities and Social Sciences. Out of these 5 subjects, 2 are language papers. Students have to select their subjects from a wide array of subjects on offer. In the second year, students are supposed to select the subject of their major. Students have the option to select Bachelor of Arts with a major or Bachelor of Arts general/Pass.
The syllabus for the bachelor degree is different in some aspects for different universities. However, universities do offer similar modules of study for similar subjects. Below is a chart with a consolidated syllabus for Bachelor of Arts (BA).
Area of Study
English prose, English poetry, Essay writing, Letter writing, English idioms and phrases, English Grammar
This course focuses on various aspects of English language and literature.
Rise and growth of British Empire in India, Rising of 1857, Social and Religious Reform Movements, Indian National Congress, National Independence Movement, Muslim League
This course is perfect for students with an interest in history. It delves in the various aspects of National Freedom struggle in India.
Nature and Scope of Sociology, Basic Concepts of Sociology, Social Groups, Social Processes, Religion, Social Stratification, Social Control, Social Change
This course introduces the basics of Social behavior, its origin, organization, networks and institution.
Indian Administration – Institutional Framework of Indian Administration, Central Government, Executive Agencies, Planning Commission, National Development Council, Advisory Committees, Administration of Public Undertakings, Central Public Services; State Secretariat, Board of Revenue, Regional Administration, District Administration, State Public Services, Administrative Reforms
This course focuses on the various aspects of Public Administration in India and is ideal for students vying a career in Public Administration.
Algebra, Calculus, Financial Mathematics, Analytical Geometry and Differential Equation, Applied Mathematics, Business Mathematics
This course introduces the basic concepts of Mathematics and its various branches. Since the course includes application based modules, it is perfect for students with professional career aspirations.
Ethics as a branch of Philosophy, Indian and Western Normative Ethics, Human Values, Value Crises of today, Value of Indian Constitution within the framework of Democracy , Secularism and Socialism, Indian and Western Philosophy, Education in Human Values
This course explains the basic concepts related to Indian and Western Philosophy. This paper aims to explain the ethics, value and culture of a society.
Nationalism, Democracy, Marxism, Fascism, Local Self Government in India, Panchayat Raj Institutions in India, Election commission and electoral processes
Political Science deals with the forms of government and channels of power and the application of theory of Politics.
Hindi prose, Hindi Poetry, Idioms, Translation, Reading comprehension, Hindi grammar, Letter and essay writing etc.
This course focuses on Hindi language and literature and delves in the grammar as well as history of Hindi literature.
Physical Geography – Lithosphere, Atmosphere and Oceanography
This course aims at introducing the basic concepts of Physical Geography and to acquaint the student with the use and application of Physical Geography in different environments.
Nature and definition of psychology, Branches of Psychology, Consciousness, Human Abilities, Personality and Perception, Memory
This course introduces the basic concepts related to human psychology and helps a student relate fundamental concepts of psychology to everyday life.
Meaning of Education and Educational Processes, Relation of Education and Philosophy, Aims of Education, Individual and Social aims of Education, Sociology and Education, Pre-primary and Primary Education, Education and Mass Media, School as a Social Institution
This paper is about the basic concepts related to Education, its history and relation to the society. In this paper students learn about the theories of education and how to apply them in everyday life. This course is popular with students with teaching aspirations in life.
Home Management, Resource Management, Money Management, Work Simplification, Elements of Design, Introduction to Family Dynamics
This course deals with the relationship between individual, family and society and introduces the basic concepts related to efficient management of home.
Indian Economy at the time of independence, National Income, Planning in India, Foreign Trade, Poverty and Unemployment, Rural Economy
This course introduces concepts of Indian Economy and teaches practical application of the theories of Economics. This course can come handy in jobs related to finance.
Social Reform Movements in India – Social reform movements in India by various Social reform groups, Reform Movements by Mahatma Gandhi, Other Reform movements; Social Welfare and Social Services – Introduction, History of Social Services, Specific Social Services for Deprived and Weaker Sections, Post-independence reform movements for Social Justice
This course teaches the history, needs and steps taken for social welfare and social justice in India. This paper will help a student realize the necessity of social welfare and how to achieve it.
Grammar, Civilization, Communication, Comprehension, Translation, French Grammar
This paper is designed to teach the French language and enhance communication abilities in French.
Sanskrit Grammar, Sanskrit prose, Sanskrit verse, Reading comprehension, Translation
This paper focuses on the basics of Sanskrit grammar and its application in Sanskrit literature.
Grammar, Translation, Composition of letters, Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension
This is another language paper. This paper is for students who wish to learn a foreign language. This course is designed to help a student learn all the basic aspects of the German language.
Bachelor of Arts (BA): Career Prospects
Candidates pursuing Bachelor of Arts course can further opt for higher studies or seek employment in any of public or private sector. For students who wish to pursue higher studies, after the completion of Bachelor of Arts, multiple options are available in India. They can opt for an MA course in any of the subjects they studied as a part of the BA degree. Students who wish to study a professional degree can get into an MBA program at any of the prestigious Management institutes in India. There are still more options available for those vying for a professional degree like CA, CS or ICWA.
Since graduates with a Bachelor of Arts possess skills in a variety of subjects, career opportunities are available in multiple fields for them. A Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree holder can work in both public and private sector. In private sector, there is an increasing demand for individuals who can adapt to any kind of work environment and possess analytical abilities along with decision making and good communication ability. Some of the private sectors which employ BA degree holders are:
- Educational Institutes
- Media and Journalism
- PR Firms
Various Bachelor of Arts jobs include becoming Teacher, Content Writer/Features Writer, Public Relations Executive, Journalist, Social Worker, Customer Care Executive, HR Executive and various others.
After completion of Bachelor of Arts, students can apply for various public sector jobs as well. Some of the public sector areas where a BA degree holder can work are:
- Indian Administrative Services
- Indian Postal Department
- Indian Railways
- Army and Navy
Read More About Bachelor of Arts (BA) Courses
Since the skills associated with Bachelor Degree in Arts are vast, the salary trend too is varying. Below is a graph which shows the salary range for various job positions held by Bachelor of Arts graduates.
|Job Profile||Description||Average Salary (in INR)|
|Teacher||Job responsibilities for teacher includes developing students' writing and reading comprehension skills, administering tests and evaluating students’ progress throughout each term.||2.5 Lacs|
|HR Executive||Job Responsibilities of HR Executive include to prepare and maintain employee records, hire eligible professionals, ensure the hire paper work is complete and processed. ||2.1 Lacs|
|Sales Executive||Sales Executive have a job to find and dicover new business opportunities by identifying prospects, reserach and analyze sales options. ||3 Lacs|
|Content Writer||Content Writers have the role to produce wide variety of content by curating the date from various sources. ||5 Lacs|
|Feature Writer||Feature writers have to find and generate future stories. They also have to read and research about various interest of public and form a readable piece of story on the same. ||5 Lacs|
|Journalist||Journalist have the job to report the latest news to mass audience. They have the responsibility to keep track of latest happeninigs around the world and cover the story. ||3 Lacs|
|Proof Reader||Proof Readers job is to check the already written article for further modifications, either gramatically or flow wise. They most often find jobs in a publication house. ||2.9 Lacs|