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Routes of formation of esters with highest yield

Course Queries Syllabus Queries

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( 4 months ago )

Esters can be formed in two ways according to the syllabus I'm following:

(1) Mixing an alcohol with a carboxylic acid in the presence of sulfuric acid; and

(2) Mixing an alcohol with an acid chloride.

My question is:

Which method produces the highest yield of esters?

I think method (2) does because the ClClX− will attach with the OH−OH in alcohol. However, I'm not exactly sure of the reason. Can someone explain it clearly with full details please?

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